Researches on Population Ecology

, Volume 39, Issue 2, pp 173–179 | Cite as

Distributions of larval mosquitoes among bamboo-stump pools which vary in persistence and resource input

Original Paper

Abstract

We studied the seasonal occurrence and the distribution patterns of larval mosquitoes in a bamboo grove in northern Kyushu, Japan. The number of pools was large from June to August and was small in winter. Deep stumps and semi-closed-type stumps held water more persistently than shallow and open-type stumps, respectively. Open-type stumps trapped more leaves than semi-closed-type stumps and the number of leaves trapped in the open-type stump was positively correlated with the area of the pool. The incidences ofTripteroides bambusa andAedes albopictus were low early in their breeding season and gradually increased thereafter. In August, the density ofT. bambusa larvae per pool was higher in the old (>2 months) pools than in the new pools and was positively correlated with the depth of the stumps. In contrast, the density ofA. albopictus did not differ significantly between the new-and old pools and was not significantly correlated with the depth of the stump. The density ofA. albopictus was positively correlated with the number of leaves that had been trapped in the stump, whereas the density ofT. bambusa was not. In addition to the seasonal fluctuation in habitat-patch availability, the variations in habitat persistence and resource input among bamboo stumps may facilitate the coexistence of the two mosquitoes that were differentially limited by these factors.

Key words

Aedes albopictus bamboo stump coexistence habitat persistence mosquito Tripteroides bambusa 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bradshaw, W. E. and C. M. Holzaphel (1983) Predator-mediated, non-equilibrium coexistence of tree-hole mosquitoes in southeastern North America.Oecologia 57: 239–256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bradshaw, W. E. and C. M. Holzaphel (1988) Drought and the organization of tree-hole mosquito communities.Oecologia 74: 507–514.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Carpenter, S. R. (1983) Resource limitation of larval treehole mosquitoes subsisting on beech detritus.Ecology 64: 219–223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Fish, D. and S. R. Carpenter (1982) Leaf litter and larval mosquito dynamics in tree-hole ecosystem.Ecology 63: 283–288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kurihara, Y. (1983) The succession of aquatic dipterous larvae inhabiting bamboo phytotelmata. pp. 55–77. In J. H. Frank and L. P. Lounibos (eds.)Phytotelmata: terrestrial plants as hosts for aquatic insect communities. Plexus, Medford, New Jersey.Google Scholar
  6. Mori, A. (1979) Effects of larval density and nutrition on some attributes of immature and adultAedes albopictus.Tropical Medicine 21: 85–103.Google Scholar
  7. Sota, T. (1996) Effects of capacity on resource input and the aquatic metazoan community structure in phytotelmata.Researches on Population Ecology 38: 65–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Sota, T. and M. Mogi (1992) Survival time and resistance to desiccation of diapause and non-diapause eggs of temperateAedes (Stegomyia) mosquitoes.Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 63: 155–161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Sota, T. and M. Mogi (1996) Species richness and altitudinal variation in the aquatic metazoan community in bamboo phytotelmata from North Sulawesi.Researches on Population Ecology 38: 275–281.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Sota, T., M. Mogi and E. Hayamizu (1994) Habitat stability and the larval mosquito community in treeholes and other containers on a temperate island.Researches on Population Ecology 36: 93–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Sunahara, T. and M. Mogi (1997) Can the tortoise beat the hare?: A possible mechanism for the coexistence of the competing mosquitoes in bamboo groves.Ecological Research 12: 63–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Walker, E. D., D. L. Lawson, R. W. Merrit, W. T. Morgan and M. J. Klug (1991) Nutrient dynamics, bacterial populations, and mosquito productivity in tree hole ecosystems and microcosms.Ecology 72: 1529–1546.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Washuburn, J. O. (1995) Regulatory factors affecting larval mosquito populations in container and pool habitat: implications for biological control.Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 11: 279–283.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Society of Population Ecology 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Parasitology, Department of MicrobiologySaga Medical SchoolJapan

Personalised recommendations