Advertisement

Russian Journal of Marine Biology

, Volume 26, Issue 2, pp 109–117 | Cite as

The distribution of major biochemical components in the waters of the Kuril Islands

  • A. I. Agatova
  • N. M. Lapina
  • L. N. Propp
  • N. I. Torgunova
Marine Biochemistry
  • 33 Downloads

Abstract

In this paper, data are presented on the distribution of dissolved and particulate carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids (NAs) in the waters of the Kuril Islands on both the Sea of Okhotsk and Pacific Ocean sides. By analyzing discrepancies in the absolute and relative concentrations of these substances, it is revealed that the waters of the Sea of Okhotsk have a strong bioproductivity. Changes in the absolute and relative conventrations of the major biochemical components of dissolved organic matter (DOM) and particulate organic matter (POM) are shown to result from the biological activity of auto- and heterotrophs of shelf and deep-sea ecosystems. Carbohydrates and proteins prove to be the major biochemical components of DOM and POM, respectively. Given high primary productivity, the carbohydrate content in POM is comparable to that of protein. In the southern Kuril area, the high concentration of dissolved and particulate NAs (which exceeds that of dissolved protein) and the high content of dissolved lipids are both strongly associated with local fish and zooplankton distribution. In the shelf and pelagic waters, biological factors dominate the horizontal and vertical distribution patterns of the major biochemical components of DOM and POM. The hydrological regime only affects these patterns in the straits of the Kuril Islands. For the first time, the biochemical composition of DOM and POM in the sea surface microlayer (SML) is characterized. In this microlayer, the concentrations of major biochemical components of DOM and POM are, to a great extent, higher than in the underlying layer.

Keywords

Particulate Organic Matter Dissolve Organic Matter Kuril Island Biochemical Component Vertical Distribution Pattern 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Agatova, A.I., Dafner, E.V., Sapozhnikov, V.V.,et al., Dissolved and Particulate Organic Matter in the Sea of Okhotsk,Okeanologiya, 1996, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 856–864.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Agatova, A.I. and Lapina, N.M., Estimation of the Rate of Destructive Processes in the Sea of Okhotsk,Okeanologiya, 1996, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 543–549.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Agatova, A.I., Lapina, N.M., Torgunova, N.I., and Propp, L.N., Biochemical Composition of Dissolved and Particulate Organic Matter in the Bering Sea, inKompleksnye issledovaniya ekosistemy Beringova morya (integrated Studies on the Bering Sea Ecosystem), Moscow: Vseross. Nauchno-Issled. Inst. Rybn. Khoz. Okeanografiya, 1995, pp. 204–226.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Agatova, A.I. and Torgunova, N.I., Biochemical Composition of Organic Matter and Its Transformation Rate in the Black Sea, inIzmenchivost' ekosistem Chernogo morya: estestvennye i antropogennye faktory (Ecosystem Change in the Black Sea: The Role of Natural and Anthropogenic Factors), Moscow: Nauka, 1991, pp. 77–84.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Balanov, A.A. and Radchenko, V.I., Composition and Distribution of Fishes in the Meso- and Bathipelagial of the Bering Sea and Sea of Okhotsk, inKompleksnye issledovaniya ekosistemy Beringova morya (Integrated Studies on the Bering Sea Ecosystem), Moscow: Vseross. Nauchno-Issled. Inst. Rybn. Khoz. Okeanografiya, 1995, pp. 335–343.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mikaelyan, A.S., Venttsel', M.V., and Kokurkina, E.N., Vertical Structure of Phytoplankton Communities in the Bering Sea and Sea of Okhotsk, inKompleksnye issledovaniya ekosistemy Beringova morya (Integrated Studies on the Bering Sea Ecosystem), Moscow: Vseross. Nauchno-Issled. Inst. Rybn. Khoz. Okeanografiya, 1995, pp. 294–305.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Mordasova, N.V., Some Peculiarities of Chlorophyll Distribution in the Sea of Okhotsk,Okeanologiya, 1997, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 538–546.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Musaeva, E.I. and Kolosova, E.G., A Pattern in Zooplankton Distribution in the Sea of Okhotsk and Pacific Waters of the Kuril Islands in the Summer of 1992–1993,Okeanologiya, 1995, vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 713–720.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Parsons, T.P., Takahashi, M., and Hargreiv, B.,Biologicheskaya okeanografiya (Biological Oceanography), Moscow: Legk. Pishch. Prom., 1982, pp. 53–59.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Spravochnik gidrokhimika (Hydrochemist's Handbook), Moscow: Agropromizdat, 1991.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Chernyavskii, V.I., Water Circulation Systems in the Sea of Okhotsk,Izv. TINRO, 1981, vol. 105, pp. 13–19.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Shuntov, V.P., Biological Resources of the Sea of Okhotsk, Moscow: Agropromizdat, 1985.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Shuntov, V.P., Interannual Variability in the Structure and Composition of Pelagic Communities in the Sea of Okhotsk,Vestn. DVO RAN, 1995, no. 6, pp. 80–86.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Burney, C.M., Johnson, K.M., Lavoil, D.M., and Sieburth, I.M., Dissolved Carbohydrate and Microbial ATP in the North Atlantic: Concentration and Interactions,Deep-Sea Res., 1979, vol. 26, pp. 1267–1290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Eberlein, K. and Hammer, K.D., Automated Determination of Total Carbohydrates in Sea Water,Fresenius Z. Anal. Chem., 1980, vol. 301, pp. 17–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Handa, N., Distribution of Dissolved Carbohydrate in the Indian Ocean,J. Oceanogr. Soc. Japan. Alaska, 1966, vol. 22, pp. 50–57.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Handa, N., Dissolved and Particulate Carbohydrates, inOrganic Matter in Natural Waters: Institute of Marine Science Occasional Publication, 1970, no. 1, pp. 129–152.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hara, S., Koike, I., Terauchi, K.,et al., Abundance of Viruses in Deep Oceanic Waters,Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser., 1996, vol. 145, nos. 1–3, pp. 269–277.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Henrichs, S.M. and Williams, P.M., Dissolved and Particulate Amino Acids and Carbohydrates in the Sea Surface Microlayer,Mar. Chem., 1985, vol. 17, pp. 141–163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Hunter, K.A. and Liss, P.S., Organic Surface Films, inMarine Organic Chemistry, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1981, pp. 259–298.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Karl, D.M., Distribution, Abundance, and Metabolic States of Microorganisms in the Water Column and Sediments of the Black Sea,Limnol. Oceanogr., 1978, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 936–949.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Karl, D.M., Knauer, J.A., and Martin, G.H., Downward Flux of Particulate Organic Matter in the Ocean: A Particle Decomposition Paradox,Nature, 1988, vol. 332, pp. 438–441.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Karl, D.M., La Rock, P.A., Morse, J.W., and Sturges, W., Adenosine Triphosphate in the North Atlantic Ocean and Its Relationship to the Oxygen Minimum,Deep-Sea Res., 1976, vol. 23, pp. 81–89.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Koike, J., Hara, S., Terauchi, T., and Kogure, K., Role of Submicrometer Particles in the Ocean,Nature, 1990, vol. 345, no. 6272, pp. 242–249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Lee, C. and Henrichs, S.M., How the Nature of Dissolved Organic Matter Might Affect the Analysis of Dissolved Organic Carbon,Mar. Chem., 1993, vol. 41, pp. 105–130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Lee, C. and Wakeman, S.G., Organic Matter in Seawater: Biogeochemical Process,Chemical Oceanography, 1988, vol. 9, pp. 1–49.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Sakugawa, H. and Handa, N., Chemical Studies of Dissolved Carbohydrates in Water Samples Collected from the North Pacific and Bering Sea,Oceanol. Acta, 1985, vol. 8, pp. 185–193.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Schwartz, A.W., Chemical Evolution—the Genesis of the First Compounds, inMarine Organic Chemistry, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1981.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Tanoue, E., Detection of Dissolved Protein Molecules in Oceanic Waters,Mar. Chem., 1995, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 239–247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Wakeman, S.G., Lipid Biomarkers for Heterotrophic Alteration of Suspended Particulate Organic Matter in Oxygenated and Anoxic Water Columns of the Ocean,Deep-Sea Res., 1995, vol 42, no. 10, pp. 1749–1754.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica” 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. I. Agatova
    • 1
  • N. M. Lapina
    • 1
  • L. N. Propp
    • 2
  • N. I. Torgunova
    • 1
  1. 1.All-Russian Institute of Marine Fish Industry and OceanographyMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Marine Biology, Far East DivisionRussian Academy of SciencesVladivostokRussia

Personalised recommendations