Combustion synthesis of oxide materials for nuclear waste immobilization
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Oxide materials like perovskite, zirconolite, hollandite, pyrochlore, NASICON and sphene which are used for nuclear waste immobilization have been prepared by a solution combustion process. The process involves the combustion of stoichiometric amount of corresponding metal nitrates and carbohydrazide/tetraformyl trisazine/diformyl hydrazide at 450°C. The combustion products have been characterized using powder X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy, and29Si MAS-NMR. The fine particle nature of the combustion derived powders has been studied using density, particle size, BET surface area measurements and scanning electron microscopy. Sintering of combustion derived powder yields 85–95% dense ceramics in the temperature range 1000°–1300°C.
KeywordsCombustion synthesis SYNROC nuclear waste immobilization
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