The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 58, Issue 3, pp 341–344 | Cite as

Control of tetanus neonatorum in a rural area

  • S. K. Kapoor
  • V. P. Reddaiah
  • J. Lobo
Original Articles


Experience in the control of tetanus neonatorum (TN) in a rural area is presented. TN was reduced by training of dais, increasing the coverage of tetanus toxoid to pregnant women and distribution of presterilized delivery kits to pregnant ladies for use by birth attendants. The problems of untrained birth attendants, effectiveness of tetanus toxoid coverage and place of delivery are discussed.

Key Words

Tetanus neonatorum Neonatal mortality Birth attendants Delivery kits Tetanus toxoid 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Robert Steinglass. The control of neonatal tetanus.Mothers and Children 1989; 9: 4–5.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    UNICEF.An Analysis of the Situation of Children in India. UNICEF Regional Office for South East Asia, New Delhi 1984; pp 36.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India.Annual Report 1989–90. pp 22.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    James P Grant.The State of the Worlds Children 1990. UNICEF, pp 88.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Arnold RB, Soewarso TI, Karyado A. Mortality from neonatal tetanus in Indonesia. Results of two surveys.Bull WHO 1986; 64: 259–262.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dhillon H, Menon PC. Active immunization of women in pregnancy with two injections of adsorbed tetanus toxoid for prevention of tetanus neonatorum in Punjab.Indian J Med Res 1975; 63: 583–589.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Henderson RH, Keya J, Haden G et al. Immunizing the children of the world. Progress and perspectives.Bull WHO 1988; 66: 535–543.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Rahman S. The effect of traditional birth attendants and tetanus toxoid in reduction of neonatal mortality.J Trop Pediatr 1982; 28: 163–165.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. K. Kapoor
    • 1
  • V. P. Reddaiah
    • 1
  • J. Lobo
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Community MedicineAll India Institute of Medical SciencesNew Delhi

Personalised recommendations