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Bulletin of Materials Science

, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 1–17 | Cite as

Mechanical alloying—a novel synthesis route for amorphous phases

  • B S Murty
Article

Abstract

Mechanical alloying (MA) pioneered by Benjamin is a technique for the extension of solid solubility in systems where the equilibrium solid solubility is limited. This technique has, in recent years, emerged as a novel alternate route for rapid solidification processing (RSP) for the production of metastable crystalline, quasicrystalline, amorphous phases and nanocrystalline materials. The glass-forming composition range (GFR), in general, is found to be much wider in case of MA in comparison with RSP. The amorphous powders produced by MA can be compacted to bulk shapes and sizes and can be used as precursors to obtain high strength materials. This paper reports the work done on solid state amorphization by MA in Ti-Ni-Cu and Al-Ti systems where a wide GFR has been obtained. Al-Ti is a classic case where no glass formation has been observed by RSP, while a GFR of 25–90 at.% Ti has been obtained in this system, thus demonstrating the superiority of MA over RSP. The free energy calculations made to explain GFR are also presented.

Keywords

Mechanical alloying solid state amorphization glass forming composition range free energy-composition diagrams 

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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • B S Murty
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MetallurgyIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia

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