, Volume 22, Issue 2, pp 199–216 | Cite as

Volume modelling for emerging manufacturing technologies

  • V ChandruEmail author
  • S Manohar
Competitive Manufacturing Systems — Part 2


The next generation manufacturing technologies will draw on new developments in geometric modelling. Based on a comprehensive analysis of the desiderata of next generation geometric modellers, we present a critical review of the major modelling paradigms, namely, CSG, B-Rep, non-manifold, and voxel models. We present arguments to support the view that voxel-based modellers have attributes that make it the representation scheme of choice in meeting the emerging requirements of geometric modelling.


Voxel modelling virtual prototyping layered manufacturing rapid prototyping reverse engineering 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Borrel P, Rappoport A 1994 Simple constrained deformations for geometric modelling and interactive design.ACM Trans. Graphics 18: 137–155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Burns M 1993Automated fabrication (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall)Google Scholar
  3. Chandru V, Gurumoorthy B, Manohar S 1996 Integrated modelling and reverse engineering for layered manufacturing. Technical Report, CSA-IISc-1996-02, Indian Institute of Science, BangaloreGoogle Scholar
  4. Chandru V, Manohar S, Prakash C E 1995 Voxel-based modelling for layered manufacturing.IEEE Comput. Graphics Appl. 42–47Google Scholar
  5. ElMaraghy W H, Valluri S R, Skubnik S M, Surry P D 1994 Intersection volumes and surface areas of cylinders for geometrical modelling and tolerancing.Computer-Aided Design 26: 29–45zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Fraser R 1994 Interactive volume rendering using advanced graphics architectures.SGI Dev. News DecemberGoogle Scholar
  7. Finger Set al 1996 Rapid design and manufacture of wearable computers.Commun. ACM 39(2): 63–70CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  8. Hoffmann C M 1989Geometric and solid modelling: An introduction (San Mateo, CA: Morgan-Kaufmann)Google Scholar
  9. Jacobs P F 1992Rapid prototyping and manufacturing — Fundamentals of stereolithography. (Dearborn, MI: Society of Manufacturing Engineers)Google Scholar
  10. Kruth J P 1992 New manufacturing techniques for rapid prototyping and concurrent engineering.Manufacturing in the era of concurrent engineering (eds) G Halevi, R D Weiel (New York: Elsevier Science)Google Scholar
  11. Kumar V, Bajcsy R, Harwin N, Harker P 1996 Rapid design and prototyping of customized rehabilitation aids.Commun. ACM 39(2): 55–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. McCracken R, Joy K I 1996 Free-form deformations with lattices of arbitrary topology.Computer Graphics Proceedings, SIGGRAPH96, pp 51–60Google Scholar
  13. Nomura Jet al 1992 Virtual space decision support systems and its application to consumer showrooms. Matsushita whitepaperGoogle Scholar
  14. Pasko A A, Savchenko V V 1995 Algebraic sims for deformation of constructive solids.Third symposium on solid modelling and applications, pp 403–408Google Scholar
  15. Pfister H, Kaufman A, Wessels T 1995 A scalable architecture for real-time volume rendering.Proceedings of the Eurographics Workshop on Hardware, Masstricht, pp 123–130Google Scholar
  16. Prakash C E, Manohar S 1995 Error measures and 3D Anti-aliasing for voxel data.Proceedings of Pacific Graphics 95 (Seoul: World Scientific)Google Scholar
  17. Pratt M J 1994 Solid modelling — Survey and current research issuesGoogle Scholar
  18. Rappoport A, Hel-Or Y, Werman M 1994 Interactive design of smooth objects with probabilistic point constraints.ACM Trans. Graphics 18(2): 156–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Rappoport A, Sheffer A, Bercovier M 1995 Volume preserving free form solids.Third symposium on solid modelling and applications, pp 361–372Google Scholar
  20. Ravi N 1996VoxLab: An interactive toolkit for voxel-based modelling. Masters Project Report, Department of Computer Science and Automation, Indian Institute of Science, BangaloreGoogle Scholar
  21. Requicha A A G 1980 Representation of rigid solids — Theory, methods and systems.Comput. Surv. 12: 437–464CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Requicha A A G 1984 Representation of tolerances in solid modelling: issues and alternative approaches.Solid modelling by computers (New York: Plenum)Google Scholar
  23. Rossignac J R 1990 Issues on feature-based editing and interrogation of solid models.Comput. Graphics 14: 149–172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Senturia S Det al 1992 A computer-aided design system for microelectromechanical systems (memcad).J. Microelectromech. Syst. 1(1): 3–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Sethia S U 1996Interactive volume sculpting. Masters project report, Department of Computer Science, Indian Institute of Science, BangaloreGoogle Scholar
  26. Terzopoulos D, Qin H 1994 Dynamic NURBS with geometric constraints for interactive sculpting.ACM Trans. Graphics 18(2): 103–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Terzopoulos D, Qin H 1995 Dynamic manipulation of triangular B-splines.Third symposium on solid modelling and applications, pp 281–291Google Scholar
  28. Tarbox G H, Gottschlich S N 1995 IVIS: An integrated volumetric inspection system.Comput. Vision Image Understanding 61: 430–444CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Wang S W, Kaufman A 1993 Volume sampled voxelisation of geometric primitives.Proc. of IEEE Visualization 93 (New York: IEEE Press)Google Scholar
  30. Weiler K J 1988 The radial edge structure: A topological representation for non-manifold geometric boundary modelling.Geometric modelling for CAD applications (ed.) M J Woznyet al (Amsterdam: North-Holland)Google Scholar
  31. Weiss L E, Prinz F 1991 A framework for thermal spray shape decomposition in the MD* system.Proc. of 1991 Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium Google Scholar
  32. XOX Corporation 1995 SHAPES microtopology, a system for modelling mesh geometries. XOX Corporation, 1450 Energy Park Drive, Suite 120, St. Paul, MN 55108Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and AutomationIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia

Personalised recommendations