Il Nuovo Cimento B (1971-1996)

, Volume 108, Issue 11, pp 1313–1317 | Cite as

Universal gravitational equations

  • M. Ferraris
  • M. Francaviglia
  • I. Volovich


We show that for a wide class of Lagrangians which depend only on the scalar curvature of a metric and a connection, the application of the first-order formalism,i.e. treating the metric and the connection as independent variables, leads to «universal» equations. If the dimensionn of space-time is greater than two, these universal equations are Einstein equations for a generic Lagrangian. There are exceptional cases where a bifurcation appears. In particular, bifurcations take place for conformally invariant LagrangiansL =R(sun/2)√g. For 2-dimensional space-time we obtain that the universal equation is the equation of constant scalar curvature; the connection in this case is a Weyl connection, containing the Levi-Civita connection of the metric and an additional vector field.


04.20.Fy Canonical formalism Lagrangians variational principles 


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Copyright information

© Società Italiana di Fisica 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Ferraris
    • 1
  • M. Francaviglia
    • 2
  • I. Volovich
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Matematica dell’UniversitàCagliariItalia
  2. 2.Istituto di Fisica Matematica dell’Università J.-L. LagrangeTorinoItalia

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