Role of interleukin-1β, interleukin-6, and TNF-α in intestinal maturation induced by dietary spermine in rats
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In the present investigation, the authors aimed to evaluate the role of cytokines in intestinal postnatal maturation induced by dietary polyamines. Neonatal rats were administered either saline or spermine (8 μmol) orally. Spermine increased interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-6, and TNF-α plasma concentration. The maximum concentrations of IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α were, respectively, observed at 4, 4, and 8 h posttreatment. Intraperitoneal (ip) injection of IL-1β increased the specific activity of sucrase in whole small intestine, whereas the specific activities of maltase and lactase were significantly enhanced only in the jejunum. IL-6 elicited sucrase and increased maltase specific activity in the whole small intestine, but lactase specific activity was not affected. TNF-α had no effect on sucrase and maltase specific activity, but a slight augmentation of lactase specific activity was detected in the jejunum. Spermine and spermidine content in the intestine was increased by ip injection of IL-1β and IL-6. Corticosterone secretion was elevated by single ip injection of IL-1β, IL-6, or TNF-α. These findings suggest that spermine could induce postnatal intestinal development and corticosterone secretion through a cytokine-dependent mechanism.
Key WordsSpermine cytokines corticosterone intestine suckling rats
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