Finite-N fluctuation formulas for random matrices
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For the Gaussian and Laguerre random matrix ensembles, the probability density function (p.d.f.) for the linear statistic ΣjN=1 (xj − 〈x〉) is computed exactly and shown to satisfy a central limit theorem asN → ∞. For the circular random matrix ensemble the p.d.f.’s for the statistics ½ΣjN=1 (θj −π) and − ΣjN=1 log 2 |sinθj/2| are calculated exactly by using a constant term identity from the theory of the Selberg integral, and are also shown to satisfy a central limit theorem asN → ∞.
Key wordsRandom matrices central limit theorem fluctuation formulas Toeplitz determinants Selberg integral
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