Soft intervention technology as a tool for integrated coastal zone management
- 149 Downloads
After introducing soft defence techniques as an alternative to hard defence techniques, the need is emphasized to consider the coastal area as an integral system. By recalling the main driving factors for coastal management: conflict resolution, resilience and sustainability, we logically arrive at the concepts of ecological engineering and ecotechnology, which are increasingly acknowledged as possible solutions to achieve sustainable use of coastal space as a resource. In this context, we refer to the principles of self design and of ecosystem conservation.
In order to deal with real situations we are in need of fundamental ‘tools’ for the application of the soft intervention technology approach. We therefore introduce the concept of physiographic units and develop an initial elaboration for a coastal stretch and for coastal wetlands. The latter deserve more attention because of the already established practices of ecotechnology, at least as far as water and soil quality are concerned, but certainly also concerning morphology, especially in the future. We conclude by briefly discussing how activities undertaken in two research projects currently being conducted under the framework of the Marine Science and Technology Program of the Commission of the European Communities are expected to contribute to the concepts introduced here.
KeywordsCoastal wetland Conflict resolution Ecological engineering Ecotechnology Physiographic unit Sustainability
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Anon. 1980.Habitat evaluation procedures (HEP) ESM 102. Division of Ecological Services. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. Department of the Interior, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
- Capobianco, M. 1996.Impact of climatic change on the Po Delta. Natural change and management scenarios. MEDDELT Final Workshop, Venezia.Google Scholar
- Capobianco, M. & Stive, M.J.F. 1996.Climate change impact on the deltas of Ebro, Po and Rhone: conceptual models for coastal fringes’ response. MEDDELT Final Workshop, Venezia.Google Scholar
- Capobianco, M., de Vriend, H.J., Nicholls, R.J. & Stive, M.J.F. 1993.Long term evolution of coastal morphology and its effects on the coastal environment. MEDCOAST ’93, The 1st International Conference on the Mediterranean Coastal Environment, Antalya.Google Scholar
- Dovers, S.R. & Handmer, J.W. 1995. Ignorance, the precautionary principle, and sustainability.Ambio 24: 92–97.Google Scholar
- Handmer, J.W. & Dovers, S.R. 1996. A typology of resilience: Rethinking institutions for sustainable development.Industr. Environ. Crisis Quart. 9: 482–511.Google Scholar
- Mitsch, W.J. 1988. Ecological enginering and ecotechnology with wetlands applications of system approaches. In: Marani, A. (ed.)Advances in environmental modelling, pp. 565–580. Elsevier, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
- Mitsch, W.J. & Gosselink, J.G., 1993.Wetlands. 2nd ed. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, NY.Google Scholar
- O’Riordan, T. 1992.The precautionary principle in environmental management. CSERGE GEC Working Paper 92-03. University of East Anglia, Norwich.Google Scholar