Journal of Genetics

, Volume 85, Issue 2, pp 117–122 | Cite as

Genetic diversity studies of Kherigarh cattle based on microsatellite markers

  • A. K. PandeyEmail author
  • Rekha Sharma
  • Yatender Singh
  • B. B. Prakash
  • S. P. S. Ahlawat
Research Article


We report a genetic diversity study of Kherigarh cattle, a utility draught-purpose breed of India, currently declining at a startling rate, by use of microsatellite markers recommended by the Food and Agriculture Organization. Microsatellite genotypes were derived, and allelic and genotypic frequencies, heterozygosities and gene diversity were estimated. A total of 131 alleles were distinguished by the 21 microsatellite markers used. All the microsatellites were highly polymorphic, with mean (±s.e.) allelic number of 6.24 ±1.7, ranging 4–10 per locus. The observed heterozygosity in the population ranged between 0.261 and 0.809, with mean (±s.e.) of 0.574 ±0.131, indicating considerable genetic variation in this population. Genetic bottleneck hypotheses were also explored. Our data suggest that the Kherigarh breed has not experienced a genetic bottleneck in the recent past.


bottleneck genetic variation microsatellite Kherigarh cattle 


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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. K. Pandey
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rekha Sharma
    • 1
  • Yatender Singh
    • 1
  • B. B. Prakash
    • 1
  • S. P. S. Ahlawat
    • 1
  1. 1.Core LabNational Bureau of Animal Genetic ResourcesKarnalIndia

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