Ichthyological Research

, Volume 45, Issue 4, pp 347–353 | Cite as

Phylogeny of the flyingfish family Exocoetidae (Teleostei, Beloniformes)

  • Juanito C. Dasilao
  • Kunio Sasaki


The phylogeny of the flyingfish family Exocoetidae is studied cladistically, using 41 morphological characters encompassing early life history, and external and internal features. The monophyly of the family is supported by 10 synapomorphies. Within the family,Oxyporhamphus is the sister group to all other genera, the monophyly of the latter being defined by 10 synapomorphies.Fodiator is the sister group of genera characterized by the presence of chin barbels in juveniles.Parexocoetus is the sister group ofExocoetus, Cypselurus, Prognichthys andHirundichthys, the latter being defined by four synapomorphies. In the latter group,Exocoetus is the sister group of the other three genera. The phylogeny of the Exocoetidae is characterized by the stepwise upgrading of gliding capability, with sequential modifications of the caudal, pectoral and pelvic fins. The subfamily Oxyporhamphinae is resurrected.

Key words

Exocoetidae phylogeny morphology 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Bruun, A. F. 1935. Flying-fishes (Exocoetidae) of the Atlantic, Dana Rep., 6: 1–106.Google Scholar
  2. Chen, C.-H. 1988. Exocoetidae. Pages 275–301in M. Okiyama, ed. An atlas of the early stage fishes in Japan. Tokai Univ. Press, Tokyo. (In Japanese.)Google Scholar
  3. Collette, B. B., G. E. McGowen, N. V. Parin and S. Mito. 1984. Beloniformes: development and relationships. Pages 334–354in H. G. Moser, W. J. Richards, D. M. Cohen, M. P. Fahay, A. W. Kendall, Jr. and S. L. Richardson, eds. Ontogeny and systematics of fishes. Am. Soc. Ichthyol. Herpetol. Spec. Publ. 1.Google Scholar
  4. Dasilao, Jr., J. C., K. Sasaki and O. Okamura. 1997. The hemiramphid,Oxyporhamphus, is a flyingfish (Exocoetidae). Ichthyol. Res., 44: 101–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Davenport, J. 1992. Wing-loading, stability, and morphometric relationships in flying fish (Exocoetidae) from the north-eastern Atlantic. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. UK, 72: 25–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Fowler, H. W. 1934. Descriptions of a new fish obtained 1907 to 1910, chiefly in the Philippine Islands and adjacent seas. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 85: 233–367.Google Scholar
  7. Kovalevskaya, N. V. 1982. Superfluous reproduction and development of flying fishes of the family Exocoetidae. J. Ichthyol., 22: 48–54. (English translation from Vopr. Ikhtiol.)Google Scholar
  8. Motta, P. J. 1984. Mechanics and functions of jaw protrusion in teleost fishes: a review. Copeia, 1984: 1–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Swofford, D. L. 1991. PAUP: Phylogenetic analysis using parsimony, version 3.0r. Illinois Natural History Survey, Champaign, Illinois.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Ichthyological Society of Japan 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juanito C. Dasilao
    • 1
  • Kunio Sasaki
    • 2
  1. 1.United Graduate School of Agricultural SciencesEhime UniversityEhimeJapan
  2. 2.Department of Biology, Faculty of ScienceKochi UniversityKochiJapan

Personalised recommendations