Bulletin of Materials Science

, Volume 28, Issue 5, pp 383–390 | Cite as

Preparation of microstructured hydroxyapatite microspheres using oil in water emulsions

  • T. S. Pradeesh
  • M. C. Sunny
  • H. K. Varma
  • P. Ramesh


Hydroxyapatite (HAP) microspheres with peculiar spheres-in-sphere morphology were prepared by using oil-in-water emulsions and solvent evaporation technique. Ethylene vinyl acetate co-polymer (EVA) was used as the binder material. Preparation of HAP/EVA microspheres was followed by the thermal debinding and sintering at 1150°C for 3 h to obtain HAP microspheres. Each microsphere of 100–1000 μm was in turn composed of spherical hydroxyapatite granules of 2–15 (μm size which were obtained by spray drying the precipitated HAP. The parameters such as percentage of initial HAP loading, type of stabilizer, concentration of stabilizer, stirring speed and temperature of microsphere preparation were varied to study their effect on the particle size and geometry of the microspheres obtained. It was observed that these parameters do have an effect on the size and shape of the microspheres obtained, which in turn will affect the sintered HAP microstructure. Of the three stabilizers used viz. polyoxyethylene(20) sorbitan monopalmitate (Tween-40), sodium laurate and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), only PVA with a concentration not less than 0.1 wt% showed controlled stabilization of HAP granules resulting in spherical microspheres of required size. Morphologically better spherical microspheres were obtained at 20°C. Increasing the stirring speed produced smaller microspheres. Smaller microspheres having size < 50 μm were obtained at a stirring speed of 1500 ±50 rpm. A gradual decrease in pore size was observed in the sintered microspheres with increase in HAP loading.


Ethylene vinyl acetate co-polymer hydroxyapatite microstructured microspheres sintering 


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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. S. Pradeesh
    • 1
  • M. C. Sunny
    • 1
  • H. K. Varma
    • 1
  • P. Ramesh
    • 1
  1. 1.Biomedical Technology WingSree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and TechnologyThiruvananthapuramIndia

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