A comparative study of liquid product on non-catalytic and catalytic degradation of waste plastics using spent FCC catalyst
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Non-catalytic and catalytic degradation of waste plastics (high-density polyethylene (HDPE), low-density polyethylene (LDPE), polypropylene (PP) and polystyrene (PS)) using spent fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) catalyst into liquid product were comparatively studied with a stirred semi-batch reactor at 400 ‡C, under nitrogen stream. Liquid product characteristics were described by cumulative distribution as a function of lapse time of reaction, paraffin, olefin, naphthene and aromatic (PONA) composition, and also carbon number distribution on plastic type of reactant. For degradation of waste PE with relatively high degradation temperature, the effect of adding spent FCC catalyst greatly appeared on cumulative distribution of liquid product with a reaction lapse time, whereas those for waste PP and PS with low degradation temperature showed a similar trend in both non-catalytic and catalytic degradation at 400 ‡C. In PONA and carbon number distribution of liquid product, the characteristics of waste PS that was mainly degraded by end chain scission mechanism were not much altered in presence of spent FCC catalyst. However, waste polyolefinic polymer that was degraded by a random chain scission mechanism significantly differed on PONA and carbon number distribution of liquid product with or without spent FCC catalyst. The addition of spent FCC catalyst in degradation of polyolefinic polymer, which economically has a benefit in utilization of waste catalyst, significantly improved the light olefin product by its high cracking ability and also the aromatic product by cyclization of olefin as shape selectivity in micropore of catalyst.
Key wordsNon-catalytic Degradation Catalytic Degradation Spent FCC Catalyst Waste Plastic Type Characteristics of Liquid Product
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