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Journal of Biosciences

, Volume 25, Issue 3, pp 291–299 | Cite as

Role of polyamines and ethylene as modulators of plant senescence

  • S. Pandey
  • S A Ranade
  • P K Nagar
  • Nikhil Kumar
Review

Abstract

Under optimal conditions of growth, senescence, a terminal phase of development, sets in after a certain physiological age. It is a dynamic and closely regulated developmental process which involves an array of changes at both physiological and biochemical levels including gene expression. A large number of biotic and abiotic factors accelerate the process. Convincing evidence suggests the involvement of polyamines (PAs) and ethylene in this process. Although the biosynthetic pathways of both PAs and ethylene are interrelated, S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) being a common precursor, their physiological functions are distinct and at times antagonistic, particularly during leaf and flower senescence and also during fruit ripening. This provides an effective means for regulation of their biosynthesis and also to understand the mechanism by which the balance between the two can be established for manipulating the senescence process. The present article deals with current advances in the knowledge of the interrelationship between ethylene and PAs during senescence which may open up new vistas of investigation for the future.

bdKeywords

Ethylene fruit ripening polyamine senescence 

Abbreviations used

PAs

polyamines

PAO

polyamine oxidase

PCA

perchloric acid

Put

putrescine

Spm

spermine

Spd

sper-midine

ODC

ornithine decarboxylase

SAM

S-adenosylmethionine

SAMDC

S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase

ACC

1-amino-cyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid

EFE

ethylene forming enzyme

AOA

aminooxyacetic acid

AVG

aminoethoxyvinyl glycine

MGBG

methylglyoxal-bis-(guanylhydrazone)

ADC

arginine decarboxylase

DFMA

DL-difluoromethyl arginine

DFMO

DL-difluoromethyl ornithine

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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Pandey
    • 1
  • S A Ranade
    • 1
    • 2
  • P K Nagar
    • 1
  • Nikhil Kumar
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Plant Biotechnology DivisionInstitute of Himalayan Bioresource TechnologyPalampurIndia
  2. 2.Plant Molecular Biology DivisionNational Botanical Research InstituteLucknowIndia
  3. 3.Betelvine LaboratoryNational Botanical Research InstituteLucknowIndia

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