Journal of Earth System Science

, Volume 115, Issue 3, pp 289–297 | Cite as

Modeling of groundwater flow for Mujib aquifer, Jordan

  • Fayez Abdulla
  • Tamer Al-Assa’D


Jordan is an arid country with very limited water resources. Groundwater is the main source for its water supply. Mujib aquifer is located in the central part of Jordan and is a major source of drinking water for Amman, Madaba and Karak cities. High abstraction rates from Mujib aquifer during the previous years lead to a major decline in water levels and deterioration in groundwater quality. Therefore, proper groundwater management of Mujib aquifer is necessary; and groundwater flow modeling is essential for proper management. For this purpose, Modflow was used to build a groundwater flow model to simulate the behavior of the flow system under different stresses. The model was calibrated for steady state condition by matching observed and simulated initial head counter lines. Drawdown data for the period 1985–1995 were used to calibrate the transient model by matching simulated drawdown with the observed one. Then, the transient model was validated by using drawdown data for the period 1996–2002. The results of the calibrated model showed that the horizontal hydraulic conductivity of the B2/A7 aquifer ranges between 0.001 and 40m/d. Calibrated specific yield ranges from 0.0001 to 0.15. The water balance for the steady state condition of Mujib aquifer indicated that the total annual direct recharge is 20.4 × 106m3, the total annual inflow is 13.0 × 106 m3, springs discharge is 15.3 × 106 m3, and total annual outflow is 18.7 × 106 m3. Different scenarios were considered to predict aquifer system response under different conditions. The results of the sensitivity analysis show that the model is highly sensitive to horizontal hydraulic conductivity and anisotropy and with lower level to the recharge rates. Also the model is sensitive to specific yield


Modflow Mujib basin-Jordan groundwater modeling calibration validation 


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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fayez Abdulla
    • 1
  • Tamer Al-Assa’D
    • 2
  1. 1.Associate Professor of Water Resources, Civil Engineering DepartmentJordan University of Science & TechnologyIrbidJordan
  2. 2.Water Resources ConsultantEco-ConsultAmmanJordan

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