Journal of Coatings Technology

, Volume 74, Issue 932, pp 55–63 | Cite as

Optical reflectance of metallic coatings: Effect of aluminum flake orientation

  • Li-Piin Sung
  • Maria E. Nadal
  • Mary E. McKnight
  • Egon Marx
  • Brent Laurenti
Technical Articles


A set of aluminum-flake pigmented coatings having different flake orientations was prepared using various spraying conditions. The flake surface topography and the orientations of individual flakes were determined from images obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Reflectance measurements were carried out to quantify the optical properties of the coatings. Both a Gaussian distribution (used to represent the measured flake orientation distribution) and a topographic map (including local surface roughness and orientation) of the flakes were then used as input to a ray scattering model to calculate the optical reflectance of each coatings Flake orientation distributions and examples of measured optical reflectance as a function of scattering angle are shown, and the latter are compared to calculated reflectance values.


Laser Scanning Confocal Microscope Optical Reflectance Metallic Coating Flake Surface Pearlescent Paint 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Li-Piin Sung
    • 1
  • Maria E. Nadal
    • 1
  • Mary E. McKnight
    • 1
  • Egon Marx
    • 1
  • Brent Laurenti
    • 2
  1. 1.National Institute of Standards and TechnologyUSA
  2. 2.Eckart AmericaUSA

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