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Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering

, Volume 20, Issue 5, pp 844–849 | Cite as

On the reduction potential of cation-exchanged heteropolyacids (HPAs)

  • In Kyu Song
  • Han Soo Kim
  • Myung-Suk Chun
Article

Abstract

UV-Visible spectroscopy and scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) studies were performed to explore reduction potentials of cation-exchanged Keggin-type heteropolyacid (HPA) catalysts. Absorption band edge and negative differential resistance (NDR) peak voltage of cation-exchanged HPA samples determined by UV-Visible spectroscopy and STM, respectively, were colsely related to their reduction potentials. It was observed that HPAs with higher reduction potentials showed absorption band edges at longer wave lengths and exhibited NDR peak voltages at less negative applied values. The reduction potentials of cation-exchanged HPA catalysts could also be correlated with the electronegativities of counter-cations. Substitution of more electronegative counter-cations increased reduction potentials of the HPAs. The NDR peak voltage and the absorption band edge of HPAs could be utilized as a correlating parameter for their reduction potentials.

Key words

Heteropolyacid (HPA) Reduction Potential NDR Absorption Edge 

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Copyright information

© Korean Institute of Chemical Engineering 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental & Applied Chemical EngineeringKangnung National UniversityKangwondoKorea
  2. 2.Complex Fluids Research TeamKorea Institute of Science and TechnologySeoulKorea

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