International Journal of Primatology

, Volume 16, Issue 6, pp 1017–1024

The stone tools of capuchins (Cebus apella)

  • Gregory Charles Westergaard
  • Stephen J. Suomi1

DOI: 10.1007/BF02696114

Cite this article as:
Westergaard, G.C. & Suomi1, S.J. International Journal of Primatology (1995) 16: 1017. doi:10.1007/BF02696114


We examined the production of stone took by capuchins (Cebus apella). Eleven subjects used five reduction techniques to produce 346 stone tools (48 cores and 298 flakes). They produced a sharp edge on 83% of the cores and largest flakes. Three monkeys later used a sample of these objects as cutting tools. These results demonstrate that monkeys produce lithic tools analogous to those produced by Oldowan hominids.

Key Words

tools artifacts capuchins Cebus apella Oldowan archaeology 

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gregory Charles Westergaard
    • 1
  • Stephen J. Suomi1
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Comparative EthologyNational Institute of Child Health and Human DevelopmentBethesdaMaryland
  2. 2.National Institutes of Health Animal CenterPoolesvilleMaryland

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