The American Sociologist

, Volume 20, Issue 4, pp 362–372 | Cite as

Seeing our seeing: Gouldner’s reflexive sociology from a feminist phenomenological perspective

  • Louise Levesque-Lopman
Retrospective Reviews: The Coming Crisis In Western Sociology By Alvin W. Gouldner


Social World Social Reality Feminist Perspective Feminist Criticism Domain Assumption 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bartky, Sandra Lee. 1977. “Toward a Phenomenology of Feminist Consciousness.” Pp. 22–37 inFeminism and Philosophy, edited by Mary Vetterling-Braggin, Frederick A. Elliston and Jane English. Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield.Google Scholar
  2. Belenky, Mary Field, Blythe McVicker Clinchy, Nancy Rule Goldberger and Jill Mattuck Tarule. 1986.Women’s Way of Knowing: The Development of Self, Voice and Mind. New York: Basic.Google Scholar
  3. Berger, Peter and Thomas Luckmann. 1967.The Social Construction of Reality. New York: Anchor.Google Scholar
  4. Bernard, Jessie. 1974.The Future of Motherhood. New York: Penguin.Google Scholar
  5. Bowles, Gloria and Renate Duelli Klein (eds.). 1983.Theories of Women’s Studies. Boston: Routledge and Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  6. Daniels, Arlene Kaplan. 1975. “Feminist Perspectives in Sociological Research.” Pp. 340–80 inAnother Voice: Feminist Perspectives on Social Life and Social Sciences, edited by Marcia Millman and Rosabeth Moss Kanter. New York: Anchor.Google Scholar
  7. Demetrakopoulos, Stephanie. 1983.Listening to Our Bodies: The Rebirth of Feminine Wisdom. Boston: Beacon.Google Scholar
  8. DuBois, Barbara. 1983. “Passionate Scholarship.” Pp. 105–16 inTheories of Women’s Studies, edited by Gloria Bowles and Renate Duelli Klein. Boston: Routledge and Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  9. Eichler, Margaret. 1979.The Double Standard: A Feminist Critique of Feminist Social Science. New York: St. Martins Press.Google Scholar
  10. Eisenstein, Hester. 1983.Contemporary Feminist Thought. Boston: G. K. Hall.Google Scholar
  11. Ferguson, Kathy E. 1980.Self, Society, and Womankind: The Dialectic of Liberation. Westport, CT: Greenwood.Google Scholar
  12. Gilligan, Carol. 1982.In a Different Voice: Psychological Theory and Women’s Development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Gouldner, Alvin W. 1970.The Coming Crisis of Western Sociology. New York: Basic.Google Scholar
  14. Harding, Sandra and Merrill B. Hintikka (eds.). 1983.Discovering Reality: Feminist Perspectives on Epistemology, Metaphysics, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science. Boston: D. Reidel.Google Scholar
  15. Heap, James L. and Phillip A. Roth. 1973. “On Phenomenological Sociology.”American Sociological Review 38: 354–367.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Horowitz, Irving L. 1962. “Consensus, Conflict, and Cooperation.” Pp. 265–279 inSystem, Change and Conflict, edited by Nicholas Demerath and Richard Peterson. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  17. Janeway, Elizabeth. 1974.Between Myth and Morning: Women Awakening. New York: William Morrow.Google Scholar
  18. Keller, Evelyn Fox. 1985.Reflections on Gender and Science. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  19. Kesler, Suzanne J. and Wendy McKenna. 1978.Gender: An Ethnomethodological Approach. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  20. Kockelmans, Joseph J. 1967.Phenomenology: The Philosophy of Edmund Husserl. New York: Anchor.Google Scholar
  21. Levesque, Louise T. 1981.Being Pregnant: There Is More to Childbirth Than Having a Baby. Ontario, Canada: Diliton.Google Scholar
  22. Levesque-Lopman, Louise. 1983. “Decision and Experience: A Phenomenological Analysis of Pregnancy and Childbirth.”Human Studies 6:247–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. _____. 1988.Claiming Reality: Phenomenology and Women’s Experience. Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield.Google Scholar
  24. McCormack, Thelma. 1975. “Toward a Nonsexist Perspective on Social and Political Change.” Pp. 1–33 inAnother Voice: Feminist Perspectives on Social Life and Social Sciences, edited by Marcia Millman and Rosabeth Moss Kanter. New York: Anchor.Google Scholar
  25. Mies, Maria. 1983. “Towards a Methodology for Feminist Research.” Pp. 117–139 inTheories of Women’s Studies, edited by Gloria Bowles and Renate Duelli Klein. Boston: Routledge and Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  26. Mills, C. Wright. 1959.The Sociological Imagination. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  27. Millet, Kate. 1969.Sexual Politics. New York: Avon.Google Scholar
  28. Millman, Marcia and Rosabeth Moss Kanter (eds.). 1975.Another Voice: Feminist Perspectives on Social Life and Social Sciences. New York: Anchor.Google Scholar
  29. Nielsen, Joyce McCarl and Jean Abromeit. 1989. “Paradigm Shifts and Feminist Phase Theory in Women Studies Curriculm Transformation Projects.” Paper presented at the 84th Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association, San Francisco, August 9–13.Google Scholar
  30. Oakley, Ann. 1974.The Sociology of Housework. New York: Pantheon.Google Scholar
  31. O’Brien, Mary. 1981.The Politics of Reproduction. Boston: Routledge and Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  32. Reinharz, Shulamit. 1987. “The Social Psychology of a Miscarriage: An Application of Symbolic Interaction Theory and Method.” Chapter 13 inWomen and Symbolic Interaction. Boston: Allen and Unwin.Google Scholar
  33. Rich, Adrienne. 1977.Of Woman Born: Motherhood As Experience and Institution. New York: Bantam.Google Scholar
  34. Ritzer, George. 1983.Contemporary Sociological Theory, 2d ed. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.Google Scholar
  35. Rowbotham, Sheila. 1973.Woman’s Consciousness, Man’s World. Baltimore: Penguin.Google Scholar
  36. Safilio-Rothschild, Constantina. 1972.Toward a Sociology of Women. Lexington, MA: Xerox College Publishing.Google Scholar
  37. Schultz, Alfred. 1966.Collected Papers, Vol. III. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.Google Scholar
  38. _____. 1967.The Phenomenology of the Social World, translated by George Walsh and Frederick Lehnert, with an introduction by George Walsh. Illinois: Northwestern University Press.Google Scholar
  39. _____. 1971.Collected Papers. Vol. II. Studies in Social Theory, edited and introduced by Arvid Brodersen. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.Google Scholar
  40. Smith, Dorothy. 1974. “Women’s Perspective as a Radical Critique Sociology.”Sociological Inquiry 44:7–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Spender, Dale (ed.). 1982.Men’s Studies Modified: The Impact of Feminism on the Academic Disciplines. Oxford and New York: Athene Series, Pergamon.Google Scholar
  42. Stanley, Liz and Sue Wise. 1979. “Feminist Research, Feminist Consciousness and Experience of Sexism.”Women’s Study International Quarterly, 1:3.Google Scholar
  43. Stimpson, Catharine R. 1984. “Women as Knowers.” Pp. 15–24 inFeminist Visions: Toward a Transformation of the Liberal Arts Curriculum, edited by Diane L. Fowlkes and Charlotte S. McClure. Alabama: University of Alabama Press.Google Scholar
  44. Wagner, Helmut R., 1975. “Sociologists of Phenomenological Orientation: Their Place in American Sociology.”The American Sociologist 10 (August):179–186.Google Scholar
  45. _____. 1976. “Alfred Schutz: Subjective Action and Objective Interpretation.”Annals of Phenomenological Sociology 1:31–44.Google Scholar
  46. _____. 1983.Alfred Schutz: An Intellectual Biography. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  47. Vetterling-Braggin, Mary, Frederick A. Elliston, and Jane English (eds.). 1977.Feminism and Philosophy. Totowa, N.J.: Rowman and Littlefield.Google Scholar
  48. Westkott, Marcia. 1979. “Feminist Criticism of the Social Sciences.”Harvard Education Review 49, 4 (November):422–430.Google Scholar
  49. Young, Iris Marion. 1984. “Pregnant Embodiment: Subjectivity and Alienation.”Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 9:45–62.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Louise Levesque-Lopman
    • 1
  1. 1.the Women Studies ProgramRegis CollegeWeston

Personalised recommendations