Current Psychology

, Volume 13, Issue 2, pp 185–192 | Cite as

Cardiac change scale: A brief, self-report research measure

  • Blaine J. Fowers
  • Mitchell Eisen


The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate a brief, self-report measure of the degree of perceived change resulting from cardiac illness. Life change has been widely recognized as stressful, but it is usually assessed with generic checklists of events which have been found wanting in terms of reliability and validity. The proposed measure was designed to assess life change in factors commonly reported to be important in recovery from cardiac illness. The Cardiac Change Scale was found to have very good internal consistency and acceptable test-retest reliability. The construct and criterion validity of the Cardiac Change Scale were supported.


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Copyright information

© Transaction Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Blaine J. Fowers
    • 1
  • Mitchell Eisen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Educational and Psychological StudiesUniversity of MiamiCoral Gables

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