Advertisement

Comparative political corruption: Issues of operationalization and measurement

  • Thomas D. Lancaster
  • Gabriella R. Montinola
Articles

Abstract

As with other areas of comparative political inquiry, analyses of political corruption must carefully negotiate around numerous methodological issues. In this article, we focus primarily on problems of operationalization and measurement of corruption. We evaluate the major examples of cross-country measures of corruption that have recently emerged and review research that has incorporated the new measures. We end with a discussion of an alternative method for the cross-national measurement and analysis of corruption, one that might also facilitate the goal of establishing universal principles and causal claims about political corruption.

Keywords

Comparative International Development Qualitative Comparative Analysis Corruption Perception Index Comparative Politics Political Corruption 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ades, Alberto and Rafael Di Tella. 1997a. “National Champions and Corruption: Some Unpleasant Interventionist Arithmetic.”The Economic Journal 107 (July): 1023–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. —. 1997b. “The New Economics of Corruption: A Survey and Some New Results.”Political Studies 45 (Annual): 496–515.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Alesina, Alberto and Beatrice Weder. 1999. “Do Corrupt Governments Receive Less Foreign Aid?” NBER Working Paper 7108 (May).Google Scholar
  4. Amenta, Edwin and Jane D. Poulsen. 1996. “The Institutional Politics, Theory and Social Spending at the End of the New Deal.” Social Forces 75 (September): 33–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bakker, Heleen E. and Nico G. Schulte Nordholt., 1996.Corruption and Legitimacy. Amsterdam: SISWO Publication 393.Google Scholar
  6. Bayley, David H. 1970. “The Effects of Corruption in a Developing Nation.” Pp. 521–33 inPolitical Corruption: Readings in Comparative Analysis, ed. Arnold J. Heidenheimer. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.Google Scholar
  7. Brooks, Robert C. 1970. “The Nature of Political Corruption.” Pp. 56–61 inPolitical Corruption: Readings in Comparative Analysis, ed. Arnold J. Heidenheimer. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.Google Scholar
  8. Brown, Cliff and Terry Boswell. 1995. “Strikebreaking or Solidarity in the Great Steel Strike of 1919: A Split Labor Market, Gama-Theoretic, and QCA Analysis.”American Journal of Sociology 100 (May): 1479–1519.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Braguinsky, Serguey. 1996. “Corruption and Schumpeterian, Growth in Different Economic Environments.”Contemporary Economic Policy 14 (July): 14–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Brunetti, Aymo, Gregory Kisunko and Beatrice Weder. 1997. “Credibility of Rules and Economic Growth: Evidence from a Worldwide Survey of the Private Sector.” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 1760.Google Scholar
  11. —. 1997. “Institutional Obstacles for Doing Business: Data Description and Methodology of a Worldwide Private Sector Survey.” Washington, DC: The World Bank.Google Scholar
  12. Collier, David and James E. Mahon. 1993. “Conceptual ‘Stretching’ Revisited: Adapting Categories in Comparative Analysis.”American Political Science Review 87 (December): 845–55.Google Scholar
  13. Coverdill, James, William Finlay, and Jack K. Martin. 1995. “Labor Management in the Southern Textile Industry: Comparing Qualitative, Quantitative, and Qualitative Comparative Analyses.”Sociological Methods and Research 23 (August): 54–85.Google Scholar
  14. Coverdill, James E. and William Finlay. 1995. “Understanding Mills via Mill-Type Methods: An Application of Qualitative Comparative Analysis to a Study of Labor Management in Southern Textile Manufacturing.”Qualitative Sociology 18 (4): 457–478.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Eckstein, Harry. 1975. “Case Study and Theory in Political Science.” Pp. 79–138 inHandbook of Political Science 7, eds. Fred Greenstein and Nelson W. Polsby. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.Google Scholar
  16. Ekeh, Peter P. 1975. “Colonialism and the Two Publics in Africa: A Theoretical Statement.”Comparative Studies in Society and History 17, 1 (January): 91–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Geddes, Barbara and Artur Ribeiro Neto. 1992. “Institutional Sources of Corruption in Brazil.”Third World Quarterly 13 (August): 641–61.Google Scholar
  18. Hannan, Michael T. and Alice A. Young. 1977. “Estimation in Panel Models: Results on Pooling Cross-Sections and Time Series.” Pp. 52–83 inSociological Methodology. ed. David R. Heise. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.Google Scholar
  19. Hicks, Alexander. 1999.Social Democracy and Welfare Capitalism. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  20. —. 1994. “Qualitative Comparative Analysis and Analytical Induction: The Case of the Emergence of the Social Security State.”Sociological Methods and Research 23 (August): 86–113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hollingsworth, Rogers, Robert Hanneman, Jerald Hage, and Charles Ragin. 1996. “The Effect of Human Capital and State Intervention on the Performance of Medical System.”Social Forces 75 (December): 459–484.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. IMD. 1997.The World Competitiveness Yearbook. Lausanne, Switzerland: International Institute for Management Development.Google Scholar
  23. Jackman, Robert. 1985. “Cross-National Statistical Research and the Study of Comparative Politics.”American Journal of Political Science 29 (February): 161–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Kangas, Olli. 1994. “The Politics of Social Security: On Regressions, Qualitative Comparisons, and Cluster Analysis.” Pp. 346–364 inThe Comparative Political Economy of the Welfare State, eds. Thomas Janoski and Alexander Hicks. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  25. Katzelson, Ira. 1997. “Structure and Configuration in Comparative Politics.” Pp. 81–112 inComparative Politics: Rationality, Culture, and Structure, ed. Mark Irving Lichbach and Alan S. Zuckerman. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  26. King, Gary, Robert Keohane, and Sidney Verba. 1994.Designing Social Inquiry: Scientific Inference in Qualitative Research. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  27. Lambsdorff, Johann Graf. 1998. “An Empirical Investigation of Bribery in International Trade,”European Journal of Development Research 10 (1): 40–59.Google Scholar
  28. Lambsdorf, Johann Graf. 2000. “Measuring Corruption—The Validity and Precision of Subjective Indicators.” Unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
  29. Lancaster, Thomas D. and Gabriella R. Montinola. 1997. “Toward a Methodology for the Comparative Study of Political Corruption.”Crime, Law and Social Change 27 (N3–4): 185–206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. La Porta, Rafael, Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes, Andrei Shleifer and Robert Vishny. 1999. “The Quality of Government.”Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization 15 (March): 222–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Leff, Nathaniel H. 1964. “Economic Development through Bureaucratic Corruption.”American Behavioral Scientist 8 (October): 291–303.Google Scholar
  32. Lieberson, Stanley. 1991. “Small N's and Big Conclusions.”Social Forces (December): 105–18.Google Scholar
  33. Lien, Donald H. D. 1964. “A Note on Competitive Bribery Games.”Economic Letters 22: 337–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Lijphart, Arendt. 1971. “Comparative Politics and the Comparative Method”.American Political Science Review 65 (September): 682–93.Google Scholar
  35. —. 1975. “The Comparable Cases Strategy in Comparative Research.”Comparative Political Studies 8 (2): 158–77.Google Scholar
  36. Liu, Francis T. 1985. “An Equilibrium Queuing Model of Bribery.”Journal of Political Economy 93 (August): 760–81.Google Scholar
  37. Mackie, James. 1992. “Changing Patterns of Chinese Big Business in Southeast Asia.” Pp. 161–90. inSoutheast Asian Capitalists, ed. Ruth McVey. Ithaca: Cornell Southeast Asia Program.Google Scholar
  38. —. 1976.The Chinese in Indonesia. Honolulu, HI: University Press of Hawaii.Google Scholar
  39. Manion, Melanie. 1996. “Corruption by Design.”Journal of Law Economics and Organization 12 (April): 167–95.Google Scholar
  40. Manzetti, Luigi and Charles H. Blake. 1996. “Market Reforms and Corruption in Latin America.”Review of International Political Economy 3 (4): 662–97.Google Scholar
  41. Mauro, Paulo. 1995. “Corruption and Growth.”Quarterly Journal of Economics 110 (August): 681–712.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. —. 1998. “Corruption and the Composition of Government Expenditure.”Journal of Public Economics 69 (August): 263–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Montinola, Gabriella and Robert Jackman. Forthcoming. “Sources of Corruption: A Cross-Country Study.”British Journal of Political Science.Google Scholar
  44. Peters, Guy. 1998.Comparative Politics: Theory and Methods. New York: New York University.Google Scholar
  45. Philp, Mark. 1994. “On Politics and its Corruption.”Political Theory Newsletter 6 (1): 1–18.Google Scholar
  46. Political Risk Services. 2000.International Country Risk Guide (Codebook). East Syracuse, NY: The PRS Group.Google Scholar
  47. Ragin, Charles C. 1987.The Comparative Method: Moving Beyond Qualitative and Quantitative Strategies. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  48. — 1994. “A Qualitative Comparative Analysis of Pension Systems.” Pp. 320–45 inThe Comparative Economy of the Welfare State, eds. Thomas Janoski and Alexander Hicks. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  49. Rauch, James E. and Peter B. Evans. 1997. “Bureaucratic Structure and Bureaucratic Performance in Less Developed Countries.” Unpublished manuscript. University of California, San Diego and Berkeley (July).Google Scholar
  50. Riggs, Fred. 1966.Thailand: The Modernization of a Bureaucratic Polity. East-West Center Press. Honolulu.Google Scholar
  51. Rose-Ackerman, Susan. 1999.Corruption and Government: Causes, Consequences, and Reform. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  52. Sandholtz, Wayne and Wm. Koetzle. 2000. “Accounting for Corruption: Economic Structure, Democracy, and Trade.”International Studies Quarterly 44: (March): 31–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Sartori, Giovanni. 1970. “Concept Misformation in Comparative Politics.”American Political Science Review 64 (December): 1033–53.Google Scholar
  54. Schwarz, Adam. 1994.A Nation in Waiting: Indonesia in the 1990s. Boulder, CO: Westview.Google Scholar
  55. Tanzi, Vito and Hamid Davoodi. 1997. “Corruption, Public Investment, and Growth,” IMF Working Paper WP/97/139.Google Scholar
  56. Taras, Ray. 1993. “Conclusion: Making Sense of Matrioshka Nationalism.” Pp. 513–538 inNation and Politics in the Soviet Successor States, eds. Ian Bremmer and Ray Taras. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  57. Tilly, Charles. 1984.Big Structures, Large Processes, Huge Comparisons. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
  58. Tilman, Robert O. 1970. “Black-Market Bureaucracy.” Pp. 62–66 inPolitical Corruption: Readings in Comparative Analysis, ed. Arnold J. Heidenheimer. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.Google Scholar
  59. Wei, Shang-Jin, 1997. “How Taxing is Corruption on International Investors?” NBER Working Paper 6030 (May).Google Scholar
  60. Wickham-Crowley, Timothy. 1992.Guerrillas and Revolutions, in Latin America. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  61. —. 1991.Exploring Revolution: Essays on Latin American Insurgency and Revolution Theory. Armonk: New York: M.E. Sharpe.Google Scholar
  62. World Bank.1997 World Development Indicators (CD-ROM version).Google Scholar
  63. Yin, Robert K. 1984.Case Study Research: Design and Methods. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas D. Lancaster
  • Gabriella R. Montinola

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations