Advertisement

Journal of Labor Research

, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp 63–75 | Cite as

Trade unions and hiring standards

  • Edward Kalachek
  • Fredric Raines
Article

Summary and Conclusions

The empirical data are compatible with the hypothesis that employers respond to union wage premiums by raising the educational component of hiring standards. This behavioral mechanism by which rents are liquidated appears to be bringing about a significant shift in the quality location of American workers. More education increasingly represents preparation for a union job. Normative considerations aside, the implications of the process for the distribution of income and for the allocation of educational resources would seem to warrant serious consideration.

Keywords

Collective Bargaining Wage Premium Relative Wage Union Wage National Longitudinal Survey 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. 1.
    Ashenfelter, Orley, “Union Relative Wage Effects: New Evidence and A Survey of Their Implications for Wage Inflation,” Industrial Relations Section, Princeton University Working Paper 89, August 1976.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    _____ and Johnson, George E., “Unionism, Relative Wages and Labor Quality in U.S. Manufacturing Industries,”International Economics Review, Vol. 13 (October 1972), pp. 488–508.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Diewart, W. E., “The Effect of Unionization on Wages and Employment: A General Equilibrium Analysis,”Economic Inquiry, Vol, XII, (September 1974), pp. 319–339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Eckstein, Otto and Wilson, Thomas A., “The Determination of Money Wages in American Industry,”Quarterly Journal of Economics, LXXVI (August 1962), pp. 379–414.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fisher, Malcolm,The Economic Analysis of Labor, New York, St. Martin’s Press, 1971.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Johnson, H. G. and Mieszkowski, P., “The Effects of Unionization on the Redistribution of Income,”Quarterly Journal of Economics, November 1970, pp. 539–561.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lewis, H. G.,Unionism and Relative Wages in the United States: An Empirical Enquiry. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1963.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kalachek, Edward and Raines, Fredric, “The Structure of Wage Differences Among Mature Male Workers,”The Journal of Human Resources, Vol. XI (Fall 1976), pp. 434–506.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Mellow, Wesley S.,Market Differentials and Labor Force Behaviour, unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Washington University, St. Louis, Mo., 1975.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Perlman, Selig,A Theory of the Labor Movement, New York: Macmillan, 1928.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Posner, Richard A., “The Social Costs of Monopoly and Regulation,”Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 83, No. 4, (August 1975), pp. 807–828.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Reder, Melvin, “The Theory of Frictional Unemployment,”Economica, Vol. 36 (February 1969), pp. 1–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Rosen, Sherwin, “Unionism and the Occupational Wage Structure in the United States,”International Economic Review, Vol. 11, No. 2, (June 1970), pp. 269–285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Tullock, Gordon, “The Transitional Gains Trap,”The Bell Journal of Economics, Vol. 6, (Autumn 1975), pp. 671–678.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Journal of Labor Research 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edward Kalachek
    • 1
  • Fredric Raines
    • 1
  1. 1.Washington UniversityUSA

Personalised recommendations