Journal of Labor Research

, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp 63–75 | Cite as

Trade unions and hiring standards

  • Edward Kalachek
  • Fredric Raines

Summary and Conclusions

The empirical data are compatible with the hypothesis that employers respond to union wage premiums by raising the educational component of hiring standards. This behavioral mechanism by which rents are liquidated appears to be bringing about a significant shift in the quality location of American workers. More education increasingly represents preparation for a union job. Normative considerations aside, the implications of the process for the distribution of income and for the allocation of educational resources would seem to warrant serious consideration.


Collective Bargaining Wage Premium Relative Wage Union Wage National Longitudinal Survey 
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Copyright information

© Journal of Labor Research 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edward Kalachek
    • 1
  • Fredric Raines
    • 1
  1. 1.Washington UniversityUSA

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