Influence of small-scale irregularities on the features of the overshoot effect in the temporal evolution of stimulated electromagnetic emission. Part I. Development stage
We present the results of experimental studies of the evolution of stimulated electromagnetic emission of the ionosphere (SEE) under the F-layer modification by powerful HF radio waves in a broad range of the pump wave frequencies. We compare the parameters of the overshoot effect in SEE evolution to the observations of anomalous attenuation and field-aligned scattering of radio waves. We show the overshoot effect to result from the anomalous attenuation under scattering at artificial small-scale ionospheric irregularities. We found the characteristic time scales of the overshoot effect development to decrease and its value to increase as the pump wave frequency decreases from 6 to 4 MHz; this is attributed to the observed increase of the irregularities amplitude at scales\(l \bot \sim 3 - 10m\) m.
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