Ichthyological Research

, Volume 47, Issue 1, pp 69–74 | Cite as

Mating system of the lefteye flounder,Engyprosopon grandisquama

  • Hisaya Manabe
  • Miyuki Ide
  • Akihiko Shinomiya


Underwater observations were conducted on the reproductive behavior and mating system of the lefteye flounder,Engyprosopon grandisquama, off Nagashima, southwest of Kyushu Island, Japan. Two types of males were found: large males, which defended territories against other large males, and small males, which did likewise but only against smaller males. Large males established territories which encompassed or ovelapped the home ranges of 1 or 2 cohabitant females. Territories of the small males, in which a smaller female often maintained a home range, overlapped those of large males. Pair spawning occurred around sunset. Mating of large males with cohabitant females was observed 36 times and that of a small male with a smaller female once. Pair formation was assorted by body size, paired males being larger than females in most cases. Thus, inE. grandisquama, gigamous large males were common, small males occurring within the former's erritorial boundaries mating with smaller females.

Key words

Bothidae mating system territoriality spawning bigamy 


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Copyright information

© The Ichthyological Society of Japan 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hisaya Manabe
    • 1
  • Miyuki Ide
    • 1
  • Akihiko Shinomiya
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Aquatic Resource Science, Faculty of FisheriesKagoshima UniversityKagoshimaJapan

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