Advertisement

Atomic Energy

, Volume 88, Issue 3, pp 178–183 | Cite as

“Romashka” reactor-converter

  • N. N. Ponomarev-Stepnoi
  • N. E. Kukharkin
  • V. A. Usov
Articles

Abstract

On August 14, 1964, the “Romashka” reactor-converter—the world's first setup with direct (thermoelectric) conversion of heat from235U fission into electricity—was started up at the I. V. Kurchatov Institute of Atomic Energy and service-life nuclear tests were begun. In 1999, 35 years have passed since the “Romashka” reactor-converter was first started up and trials began. “Romashka” successfully operated for about 15000 hours and generated ∼6100 kW·h of electricity.

The startup and successful tests of the “Romashka” reactor-converter recieved in its time high marks from the world scientific community and they demonstrated that the world's first operating nuclear reactor-converter, capable of generating electricity without the participation of any moving working bodies or mechanisms, was developed in the short time of about 3 years in the Soviet Union, and it was shown experimentally that the system was capable of prolonged operation.

The technology created in the process of developing the “Romashka” reactor-converter and, specifically, the thermoelectric silicon-germanium transducers have found application in operating space nuclear (reactor and isotopic) power systems. 3 figures.

Keywords

Beryllium Fuel Element Radial Reflector Beryllium Oxide Thermoelectric Converter 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. N. Ponomarev-Stepnoi
  • N. E. Kukharkin
  • V. A. Usov

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations