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Osteoporosis International

, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp 97–103 | Cite as

Lifelong administration of high doses of ibandronate increases bone mass and maintains bone quality of lumbar vertebrae in rats

  • S. Lalla
  • L. A. Hothorn
  • N. Haag
  • R. Bader
  • F. Bauss
Original Article

Abstract

As part of a long-term safety study the bisphosphonate ibandronate was investigated for its effects on bone quality in lumbar vertebrae in rats. Bone area, bone density and mechanical properties were assessed by peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT), dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and compression tests. Female and male groups of Wistar rats received either vehicle or 3, 7 or 15 mg/kg per day of ibandronate over 104 weeks orally by gavage. Compared with the control group, bone mineral density, compressive strength and stiffness were significantly higher in ibandronate-treated animals, whereas no changes occurred in strain or modulus of elasticity. The increase in vertebral body stress was significant in some of the ibandronate-treated groups. The changes in mechanical properties appear to be due mainly to an increase in bone mass. A highly significant correlation was found between bone mineral density measured either by DXA (r=0.86) or pQCT (r=0.85) and maximal strength in vertebral bodies (p<0.0001 each). In conclusion, we demonstrated that lifelong administration of doses of ibandronate far in excess of any therapeutically intended dose not only increases bone mass and apparent density, but also maintains or even slightly improves bone quality. Bone mineral density measured either by pQCT or DXA can be used as a predictor for ultimate strength in rat lumbar vertebral bodies after treatment with ibandronate.

Keywords

Bone quality Bone mineral density Mechanical properties Ibandronate Rats 

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Copyright information

© European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Lalla
    • 1
  • L. A. Hothorn
    • 2
  • N. Haag
    • 1
  • R. Bader
    • 1
  • F. Bauss
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Preclinical Research and DevelopmentBone Metabolism, Boehringer Mannheim GmbHMannheimGermany
  2. 2.Department of BioinformaticsUniversity of HannoverHannoverGermany

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