Metallurgical Transactions A

, Volume 22, Issue 3, pp 739–752 | Cite as

Effect of sulfur removal on Al2O3 scale adhesion

  • James L. Smialek


If the role of reactive element dopants in producing A12O3 scale adhesion on NiCrAl alloys is to getter sulfur and prevent interfacial segregation, then eliminating sulfur from undoped alloys should also produce adherence. Four experiments successfully produced scale adhesion by sulfur removal alone. (1) Repeated oxidation and polishing of a pure NiCrAl alloy lowered the sulfur content from 10 to 2 parts per million by weight (ppmw), presumably by removing the segregated interfacial layer after each cycle. Total scale spallation changed to total retention after 13 such cycles, with no changes in the scale or interfacial morphology. (2) Thinner samples became adherent after fewer oxidation polishing cycles because of a more limited supply of sulfur. (3) Spalling in subsequent cyclic oxidation tests of samples from experiment (1) was a direct function of the initial sulfur content. (4) Desulfurization to 0.1 ppmw levels was accomplished by annealing melt-spun foil in 1 arm H2. These foils produced oxidation weight change curves for 500 1-hour cycles at 1100 °C similar to those for Y- or Zr-doped NiCrAl. The transition between adherent and nonadherent behavior was modeled in terms of sulfur flux, sulfur content, and sulfur segregation.


Metallurgical Transaction Sulfur Content Sulfur Removal Cyclic Oxidation Scale Adhesion 
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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, and ASM International 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • James L. Smialek
    • 1
  1. 1.NASA Lewis Research CenterCleveland

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