Journal of Phase Equilibria

, Volume 15, Issue 3, pp 240–263 | Cite as

Systematic aspects of the high-temperature thermochemistry of binary alloys and related compounds

  • O. J. Kleppa


In order to obtain reliable information on the high- temperature thermodynamics of binary alloys and related compounds, the modern investigator has a range of different experimental methods at his disposal: vapor pressure measurements, the emf technique, solubility measurements, and high-temperature reaction calorimetry. It is now more than 40 years since we first analyzed these prob-lems in some detail. We recognized, of course, that reaction calorimetry alone cannot provide a complete picture of the thermodynamics of any system. On the other hand, we also knew that the en-thalpy contributions to the excess Gibbs energies of alloys usually outweigh the corresponding en-tropy terms. We concluded that, among these various experimental methods, high- temperature reaction calorimetry should be the most useful approach in any attempt to gain systematic thermo-dynamic information on alloy systems. We accordingly decided to pursue a program of research cen-tered on alloy high- temperature thermochemistry. A review is presented of the development of the modern high- temperature reaction calorimeter and of the application of calorimetric measurements to a wide range of binary alloy systems and related compounds.


Calorimeter Standard Enthalpy Late Transition Metal Reaction Calorimetry Binary Liquid Alloy 
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Copyright information

© ASM International 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. J. Kleppa
    • 1
  1. 1.The James Franck InstituteThe University of ChicagoChicago

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