Advertisement

Journal of Phase Equilibria

, Volume 15, Issue 3, pp 240–263 | Cite as

Systematic aspects of the high-temperature thermochemistry of binary alloys and related compounds

  • O. J. Kleppa
Article

Abstract

In order to obtain reliable information on the high- temperature thermodynamics of binary alloys and related compounds, the modern investigator has a range of different experimental methods at his disposal: vapor pressure measurements, the emf technique, solubility measurements, and high-temperature reaction calorimetry. It is now more than 40 years since we first analyzed these prob-lems in some detail. We recognized, of course, that reaction calorimetry alone cannot provide a complete picture of the thermodynamics of any system. On the other hand, we also knew that the en-thalpy contributions to the excess Gibbs energies of alloys usually outweigh the corresponding en-tropy terms. We concluded that, among these various experimental methods, high- temperature reaction calorimetry should be the most useful approach in any attempt to gain systematic thermo-dynamic information on alloy systems. We accordingly decided to pursue a program of research cen-tered on alloy high- temperature thermochemistry. A review is presented of the development of the modern high- temperature reaction calorimeter and of the application of calorimetric measurements to a wide range of binary alloy systems and related compounds.

Keywords

Calorimeter Standard Enthalpy Late Transition Metal Reaction Calorimetry Binary Liquid Alloy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Cited References

  1. 20Hil:.
    J.H. Hildebrand, A.H. Foster, and C.W. Beebe,J. Am. Chem. Soc., 42,545(1920).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 23Tay:.
    N.W. Taylor,J. Am. Chem. Soc., 45,2865 (1923).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 27Kaw1:.
    M. Kawakami,Z. Anorg. Chem., 167,345 (1927).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 27Kaw2:.
    M. Kawakami,Sci.Rep. Tohoku Imp. Univ[1], 76,915(1927).Google Scholar
  5. 30Kaw:.
    M. Kawakami,Sci. Rep. Tohoku Imp. Univ. [1],19,521 (1930).Google Scholar
  6. 39Kub:.
    O. Kubaschewski and A. Walter,Z. Elektrochem., 45, 631 (1939).Google Scholar
  7. 42Sel:.
    H. Seltz and F.J. Dunkerley,J. Am. Chem. Soc., 64,1392 (1942).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 49Kle:.
    O.J. Kleppa,J. Am. Chem. Soc., 71,3275 (1949).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 50Hil:.
    J.H. Hildebrand and R.L. Scott,Solubility of Non-Electrolytes, 3rd ed., Reinhold Publishing Corp., New York (1950).Google Scholar
  10. 50Kle:.
    O.J. Kleppa,J. Am. Chem. Soc., 72,3346 (1950).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 51Ell:.
    Elliott and J. Chipman,J. Am. Chem. Soc., 73, 3851951.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 51Kle:.
    O.J. Kleppa,J.Am. Chem.Soc., 73,2682(1951).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 52Tic:.
    L.B. Ticknor and M.B. Bever,J. Met., 4,941(1952).Google Scholar
  14. 54Fri:.
    J. Friedel,Adv. Phys., 3,446(1954).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  15. 54Hum:.
    W. Hume-Rothery and G.V. Raynor,The Structure of Metals and Alloys, Inst. of Metals Monograph 1,3rd ed., London (1954).Google Scholar
  16. 54Sea:.
    A.W. Searcy, R.A. McNees, and J.M. Criscione,J. Am. Chem. Soc., 76,5287(1954).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 55Kle:.
    O.J. Kleppa,J.Am. Chem.Soc.,59,175(1955).Google Scholar
  18. 56Cal:.
    E. Calvet and H. Prat,Microcalorimetrie, Masson et Cie, Paris (1956).Google Scholar
  19. 56Kle:.
    O.J. Kleppa,Calorimetric Investigations of the Heats of Forma- tion of Some Binary Solid and Liquid Alloys, Kgl. Norske Vi- denskabers Selskabs Skrifter, #6 (1956).Google Scholar
  20. 57Mot:.
    B.W. Mott,Philos. Mag., 2,259 (1957).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  21. 60Kle:.
    O.J. Kleppa,J. Phys. Chem., 64,1937(1960).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 62Kle:.
    O.J. Kleppa,J. Phys. Radium, 23,763 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 63Bla:.
    A. Blandin and J.L. Déplanté,Metallic Solid Solutions, J. Friedel and A. Guinier, Ed., W.A. Benjamin, Inc., New York (1963).Google Scholar
  24. 66Dar:.
    J.B. Darby, Jr., R. Kleb, and O.J. Kleppa,Rev. Sci. Instrum., 37, 164(1966).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  25. 67Bre:.
    L. Brewer,Acta Metall., 75,553(1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 67Joh:.
    G.K. Johnson, E. Greenburg, J.L. Morgrave, and W.N. Hubbard,J. Chem. Eng. Data, 12,597 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 68Bre:.
    L. Brewer,Science, 161,115(1968).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  28. 69Fri:.
    J. Friedel,The Physics of Metals, J. M. Ziman, Ed., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England (1969).Google Scholar
  29. 77Mie:.
    A.R. Miedema, F.R. DeBoer, and R. Boom,Calphad, 1, 341 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 78Pet:.
    D.G. Pettifor,Solid State Commun., 28,621 (1978).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  31. 79Kub:.
    O. Kubaschewski and C.B. Alcock,Metallurgical Thermo- chemistry, 5th ed., Pergamon Press (1979).Google Scholar
  32. 81Wat:.
    R.E. Watson and L.H. Bennett,Calphad, 5,25 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 82Klel:.
    J. Kleppa and S. Sato,J. Chem. Thermodyn., 14,133(1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 82Kle2:.
    O.J. Kleppa and S. Watanabe,Metall. Trans. B, 13,391 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 82Sat:.
    S. Sato and O.J. Kleppa,Metall. Trans. B, 13,251 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 83Gac:.
    J.C. Gachon and J. Hertz,Calphad, 7,1 (1983).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 83Paa:.
    S. Paasch and H.J. Schaller,Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem., 87, 812(1983).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 83Kle:.
    O.J. Kleppa,Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem., 87,741 (1983).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 84Kle:.
    O.J. Kleppa,J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 61,62,101 (1984).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  40. 84Top:.
    L. Topor and O.J. Kleppa,J Chem. Thermodyn., 76,993(1984).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 84Watl:.
    R.E. Watson and L.H. Bennett,Calphad, 8,307, (1984).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 84Wat2:.
    S. Watanabe and O.J. Kleppa,Metall. Trans.B, 75,357(1984).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 85Col:.
    C. Colinet, A. Pasturel, and P. Hicter,Calphad, 9,11 (1985).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 85Gac:.
    J.C. Gachon, J. Charles, and J. Hertz,Calphad, 9,29 (1985).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 85Kle:.
    O.J. Kleppa and L. Topor,J. Less-Common Met., 106, 269 (1985).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 85Top:.
    L. Topor and O.J. Kleppa,J. Chem. Thermodyn., 17, 1003 (1985).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 86Pas:.
    A. Pasturel, D.N. Manh, and D. Mayou,J. Phys. Chem. Solids, 47,325(1986).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  48. 86Topl:.
    L. Topor and O.J. Kleppa,High. Temp.Sci.,22,139(1986).Google Scholar
  49. 86Top2:.
    L. Topor and O.J. Kleppa,Z Metallkd., 77,65 (1986).ADSGoogle Scholar
  50. 86Top3:.
    L. Topor and O.J. Kleppa,Metall. Trans.A, 17,1217(1986).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 87Col:.
    C. Colinet and A. Pasturel,Calphad, 11,335 (1987).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 87Pet:.
    D.G. Pettifor,Solid State Physics, D. Turnbull andH. Ehrenreich, Ed.,40,43–92(1987).Google Scholar
  53. 87Top:.
    L. Topor and O.J. Kleppa,J. Chem. Thermodyn., 79,69(1987).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 88Deb:.
    F.R. deBoer, R. Boom, W.C.M. Mattens, A.R. Miedema, and A.K. Niessen,Cohesion in Metals. Transition Metal Alloys, North- Holland, Amsterdam (1988).Google Scholar
  55. 88Top:.
    L. Topor and O.J. Kleppa,Z. Metallkd., 79,243 (1988).Google Scholar
  56. 88Wat:.
    R.E. Watson, M. Weinert, J.W. Davenport, and G.W. Fernando,Scr. Metall, 22,1285(1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 89Kle:.
    O.J. Kleppa and L. Topor,Thermochim. Acta, 139,291 (1989).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 89Topl:.
    L. Topor and O.J. Kleppa,J. Less-Common Met., 155, 61 (1989).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 89Top2:.
    L. Topor and O.J. Kleppa,Metall. Trans. B, 20,879(1989).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 90Kle:.
    O.J. Kleppaand W.-G. Jung,High Temp. Sci., 29,109 (1990).Google Scholar
  61. 90Mas:.
    T.B. Massalski, PR. Subramanian, H. Okamoto, and L. Kacpr-zak,Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, 2nd Ed., Vol 1,2, and 3, ASM In- ternational, Materials Park, OH (1990).Google Scholar
  62. 90Sch:.
    M.E. Schlesinger,Chem. Rev, 90,607 (1990).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 90Top:.
    A. Topor and O.J. Kleppa, J.Less-Common Met.,767,91 (1990).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 91Fit:.
    K. Fitzner, W.-G. Jung, and O.J. Kleppa,Metall. Trans. A, 22, 1103(1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 91Junl:.
    W.-G. Jung and O.J. Kleppa,J. Less-Common Met., 169, 85 (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 91Jun2:.
    W.-G. Jung and O.J. Kleppa,J. Less-Common Met., 169, 93 (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 91Jun3:.
    W.-G. Jung and O.J. Kleppa,J. Alloy Compd., 776,301 (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 91Jun4:.
    W.-G. Jung, O.J. Kleppa, and L. Topor,J. Alloy Compd., 176, 309(1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 91Mesl:.
    S.V. Meschel and O.J. Kleppa,Metall. Trans. A, 22, 1680 (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 91Mes2:.
    S.V. Meschel and O.J. Kleppa,J. Alloy Compd., 177, 159 (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 92Gac:.
    J.C. Gachon, N. Selhaoui, B. Aba, and J. Hertz,J. Phase Equili- bria, 73,506(1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 92Jun:.
    W.-G. Jung and O.J. Kleppa,Metall. Trans. B, 23,53 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 93Mesl:.
    S.V. Meschel and O.J. Kleppa,J. Chim. Phys., 90,349 (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 91Mes1:.
    93Mes2: S.V. Meschel and O.J. Kleppa,J. Alloy Compd., 191, 111 (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 93Mes3:.
    S.V. Meschel and O.J. Kleppa,J. Alloy Compd., 197,75(1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 93Mes4:.
    S.V. Meschel and O.J. Kleppa,Metall. Trans. A, 24,947 (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 93Sell:.
    N. Selhaoui and O.J. Kleppa,J. Chim. Phys., 90,435 (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 93Sel2:.
    N. Selhaoui and O.J. Kleppa,J. Alloy Compd., 191,145(1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 93Sel3:.
    N. Selhaoui and O.J. Kleppa,J.Alloy Compd., 191,155(1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 94Mesl:.
    S.V. Meschel and O.J. Kleppa,Metallic Alloys: Experimental and Theoretical Perspectives, J.S. Faulkner, Ed., Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands (in press).Google Scholar
  81. 94Mes2:.
    S.V. Meschel and O.J. Kleppa,J. Alloy Compd. (in press).Google Scholar
  82. 94Mes3:.
    S.V. Meschel and O.J. Kleppa,J. Alloy Compd., 205, 165 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© ASM International 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. J. Kleppa
    • 1
  1. 1.The James Franck InstituteThe University of ChicagoChicago

Personalised recommendations