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Facies

, Volume 45, Issue 1, pp 137–156 | Cite as

Guadalupian algae-sponge reefs in siliciclastic environments—the reefs at Lengwu (South China) compared with the reef at Iwaizaki (Japan)

  • Jian-wei Shen
  • Toshio Kawamura
Article

Summary

Guadalupian reefs occur locally in Guangxi, Guizhou, Yunnan and Western Zhejiang, South China. Two types of Guadalupian reefs can be recognized, one is developed in carbonate platforms, e.g. those in the juncture areas of Guangxi, Yunnan and Guizhou; the other occurs in a littoral clastic shelf. The Lengwu reef in Western Zhejiang is a representative of the latter type, which is a major topic of this paper. Lengwu algae-sponge reef, more than one hundred meters in thickness, are composed mainly of sponges, hydrozoans, algae, bryozoans, microbes and lime mud. Reef limestones sit on the mudstone interbedded with fine sandstone of the proximal prodelta facies and are overlain by coarse clasts of the delta front sediments. Lengwu reef displays a lens-shaped relief, dipping and thinning from the reef core, which is remarkably different from the surrounding sediments, showing a protruding relief. Sponges and microbe/algae form bafflestone, bindstone and framestone of the reef core facies. Fore-reef facies is characterized by lithoclastic rudstone and bioclastic packstone. Reef limestone sequence is composed of three cycles and controlled by sea level changes and sediment influx. Such reef is unique among the Guadalupian reefs in South China, but seems similar in some aspects to Iwaizaki reef limestones of south Kitakami in Japan. Algae and microbes growing around sponges to form rigid structure in Lengwu reef are a typical feature, which is distinctly different to Guadalupian reefs in a stable platform facies of Guizhou, Yunnan and Guangxi, South China.

Keywords

Algae-Sponge Reef Siliciclastic Environment Lengwu (South China) Iwaizaki (Japan) Guadalupian 

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Copyright information

© Institut für Palaentologie, Universitat Erlangen 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jian-wei Shen
    • 1
  • Toshio Kawamura
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Earth SciencesUniversity of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia
  2. 2.Geology, Department of SciencesMiyagi University of EducationSendaiJapan

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