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Facies

, Volume 46, Issue 1, pp 1–26 | Cite as

Late Serpukhovian (Namurian A) microfacies and carbonate microfossils from the Carboniferous of Nötsch (Austria)

  • Karl Krainer
  • Daniel Vachard
Article

Summary

The Carboniferous of Nötsch (Austria), divided into Erlachgraben, Badstub and Nötsch Formations, is composed of a thick sequence of dominantly siliciclastic deepsea sediments. Intercalated marly and silty limestones in the upper Erlachgraben Formation consist of bioclastic wackestones and algal wackestones/packstones which contain a diverse fossil assemblage of formainifers, algae and pseudo-algae. These microfossils are accurately described and documented, and three species of algae are established:Principia fluegeli n. sp.,Paraepimastopora noetschensis n. sp., andNanopora pseudofragilissima n. sp.

Based on the occurrence of both important species of the foraminifers Lasiodiscoidea (Howchinia gibba andEolasiodiscus dilatatus), and also on the presence ofEndothyranopsis plana, of the lastEarlandia ex. gr.vulgaris and of the firstEostaffella exp gr.postmosquensis, the upper Erlachgraben Formation is dated as late Serpukhovian (goniatite biozone E 2 of the Namurian A; Arnsbergian stage, corresponding to the Zapaltyubinsky of the standard Russian sequence; foraminiferal biozones 18 or Cf 7 of Belgium, or Cf 16 of the Donbass).

Compared to the Pyrenees and the Donbass region, the algal flora of the Carboniferous of Nötsch seems to be relatively endemic. Algae and foraminifers originally inhabited a shallow carbonate ramp and were transported and redeposited in a deep-water environment by gravity flows. The formainifers most probably migrated from the Donbass region along the shelf of a narrow seaway to Nötsch.

Keywords

Microfacies Calcareous algae Microproblematica Foraminifers Nötsch (Carinthia, Austria) Early Carboniferous Serpukhovian Namurian A 

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© Institut für Palaentologie, Universitat Erlangen 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karl Krainer
    • 1
  • Daniel Vachard
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für Geologie und PaläontologieInnsbruck UniversitätInnsbruck
  2. 2.Université des Sciences et Technologies de LilleUFR des Sciences de la Terre, UPRESA 8014 du CNRSVilleneuve d’Ascq CédexFrance

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