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Metallurgical Transactions A

, Volume 23, Issue 4, pp 1071–1081 | Cite as

The structure and mechanical properties of metallic nanocrystals

  • C. Suryanarayana
  • F. H. Froes
Symposium on Structure and Properties of Fine and Ultrafine Particies Surfaces, and Interfaces

Abstract

Metallic nanocrystals are ultrafine-grained polycrystalline solids with grain sizes in the range of 1 to 10 nm in at least one dimension. Because of the extremely small dimensions, a large fraction of the atoms in these materials is located at the grain boundaries, and thus, they possess novel, and often improved, properties over those of conventional polycrystalline or glassy materials. In comparison to more conventional materials, nanocrystalline materials show a reduced density; increased thermal expansion, specific heat, and strength; a supermodulus effect; and extremely high diffusion rates. Traditionally brittle materials can be made ductile by nano-structure processing. At present, there is considerabe confusion on the nature of the micro-structure and mechanical properties of the nanocrystalline materials, especially of the equiaxed (three-dimensional, 3-D) type. The present article reviews the current understanding of nanocrystals and evaluates the data available on structure and mechanical properties of nanocrystalline metals.

Keywords

Metallurgical Transaction Mechanical Alloy Nanocrystalline Material Scripta Metall Coherency Strain 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, and ASM International 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Suryanarayana
    • 1
  • F. H. Froes
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Materials and Advanced ProcessesUniversity of IdahoMoscow

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