Effects of processing steps on the contents of minor compounds and oxidation of soybean oil
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- Jung, M.Y., Yoon, S.H. & Min, D.B. J Am Oil Chem Soc (1989) 66: 118. doi:10.1007/BF02661798
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The processes of degumming, alkali refining, bleaching and deodorization removed 99.8% phospholipids, 90.7% iron, 100% chlorophyll, 97.3% free fatty acids and 31.8% tocopherols from crude soybean oil. The correlation coefficient between the removals of phosphorus and iron in soybean oil during processing was r = 0.99. The relative ratios of α-, β -, γ- and δ-tocopherols in crude oil, degummed oil, refined oil, bleached oil and deodorized soybean oil were almost constant, γ- and δ -tocopherols represented more than 94% of tocopherols in soybean oil. The order of oxidation stability of oil is crude > deodorized > degummed > refined > bleached oil.