Advances in Atmospheric Sciences

, Volume 13, Issue 2, pp 133–146

A coupling experiment of an atmosphere and an ocean model with a monthly anomaly exchange scheme

  • Liu Hui
  • Jin Xiangze
  • Zhang Xuehong
  • Wu Guoxiong


A nine-layer spectral atmospheric general circulation model is coupled to a twenty-layer global oceanic general circulation model with the “prediction-correction” monthly anomaly exchange scheme which has been proposed at the Institute of Atmospheric Physics (IAP). A forty-year integration of the coupled model shows that the CGCM is fairly successful in keeping a reasonable pattern of the modelled SST although most of the Pacific become warmer than those given by the uncoupled ocean model. The model tends to reach a more realistic state than the uncoupled one in terms of downward surface heat flux into ocean particularly in the equatorial Pacific region. Also, the model is capable to simulate interannual variability of sea surface temperature in tropical region.

Key words

Coupling experiment Downward heat flux Interannual variability 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Defant, Albert (1961), Physical oceanography, Vol.1, Pergamon Press, 728 pp.Google Scholar
  2. Esbensen, S.K. and Y. Kushnir (1981), Heat budget of the global ocean: estimates from surface marine observations, Report No.29, Climate research Institute, Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, Oregon, 271 pp.Google Scholar
  3. Han, Y.-J, (1984), A numerical world oceanic general circulation model, Part 1: Basic design and barotropic experiment, Part 2: a baroclinic experiment,Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans,8: 107–172.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Haney, R.L. (1971), Surface thermal boundary condition for ocean circulation models,J. Phys. Oceanogr.,1: 241–248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hellerman, S. and Rosenstein, M. (1983), Normal monthly wind stress data over the world ocean with error estimates,J. Phys. Oceanogr.,13: 1093–1104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Killworth, P.D., et al. (1989), A free surface Bryan-Cox-Scmter model. Report No.270, Institute of Oceanographic Sciences, Deacon laboratory, 87 pp.Google Scholar
  7. Killworth, P.D., et al. (1991), The development of a free surface Bryan-Cox-Semter model,J. Phys. Oceanogr.,21: 1333–1348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Levitus, S. (1982), Climatological Atlas of the World Ocean, NOAA professional paper 13, US Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 173 pp.Google Scholar
  9. Maier-Reimer, et al. (1991), On the sensitivity of the global ocean circulation to changes in the surface heat flux forcing, Report 68, MPI, Hamburg, July, 1991, 67 pp.Google Scholar
  10. Mellor, G.L. (1993), User’s guide for a three-dimensional, primitive equation, numerical ocean model. Princeton University, 35 pp.Google Scholar
  11. Mesinger, F. and Janjic, Z.I. (1985), Problems and numerical methods of the incorporation of mountains in atmospheric models, Lectures in Applied Mathematics, 22, 81–120.Google Scholar
  12. Neelin, J.D., et al. (1992), Tropical air-sea interaction in general circulation models,Climate Dynamics,7: 73–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Parkinson, C.L.,etal. (1979), A large-scale numerical model of sea ice,J. Geophys. Res.,84: 311–337.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Sausen, R., et al. (1988), Coupled ocean-atmosphere models with flux correction,Climate Dynamics,2: 145–163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Semtner, Jr. A. J. (1976), A model for the thermodynamic growth of sea ice in numerical investigations of climate,J. Phys. Oceanogr.,6: 379–389.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Wu Guoxiong, Liu Hui, et al. (1996), A nine-layer atmospheric general circulation Model and its performance,Advances of Atmos. Sci.,13: 1–18.Google Scholar
  17. Yu Rucong (1989), Design of the limited area numerical weather prediction model with steep mountains,Scientia Atmospherica Sinica,13: 139–149.Google Scholar
  18. Zhang Ronghua (1989), The numerical simulation studies for ocean circulation in the Pacific basin, Ph.D. thesis, Inst. of Atmos. Phys., Beijing.Google Scholar
  19. Zhang X.-H., et al. (1992), Coupling scheme experiments based on an atmospheric and an oceanic GCM,Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences,16(2) 129–144.Google Scholar
  20. Zhang, X.-H., et al. (1994), Simulation of thermohaline circulation with a twenty-layer oceanic general circulation model,Submitted to Theoretical and Applied Climatology. Google Scholar
  21. Zeng Qingcun (1979), Physical-mathematical basis of numerical weather prediction Vol. 1, Science Press, Beijing, 543 pp. (in Chinese).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Advances in Atmospheric Sciences 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Liu Hui
    • 1
  • Jin Xiangze
    • 1
  • Zhang Xuehong
    • 1
  • Wu Guoxiong
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Atmospheric PhysicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijing

Personalised recommendations