Advertisement

Bulletin of the Orton Society

, Volume 30, Issue 1, pp 179–196 | Cite as

Learning to read: an unnatural act

  • Philip B. Gough
  • Michael L. Hillinger
Issues In Language And Reading

Keywords

Chinese Character Fluent Reader Reading Instruction Disable Reader ORTON Society 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alford, Jack. 1980. Contextual and lexical effects on reading time. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, The University of Texas at Austin.Google Scholar
  2. Amigo, G. 1972. Visuo-sensory development of the child.Amer. J. of Optometry and Arch. of Amer. Acad. of Optometry 49:991–1001.Google Scholar
  3. Bloomfield, L. 1933.Language. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.Google Scholar
  4. Bloomfield, L., and Barnhart, C. L. 1963.Let’s Read. Bronxville, New York: Clarence L. Barnhart, Inc.Google Scholar
  5. Bloomfield, L. 1942. Linguistics and reading.Elementary English Review 19:125–130.Google Scholar
  6. Bruce, D. J. 1964. The analysis of word sounds by children.Brit. J. Educ. Psychol. 34:158–170.Google Scholar
  7. Calfee, R. C., Chapman, R., and Venezky, R. L. 1972. How a child needs to think to learn to read. In L. W. Gregg (ed).Cognition and Learning in Memory. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  8. Carey, S. 1978. The child as word learner.In M. Halle, J. Bresnan, and G. A. Miller (eds.).Linguistic Theory and Psychological Reality. Cambridge, Massachusetts: M.I.T. Press.Google Scholar
  9. Chall, J. S. 1967.Learning to Read: The Great Debate. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  10. Chomsky, C. 1969.The Acquisition of Syntax in Children from 5 to 10. Cambridge, Massachusetts: M.I.T. Press.Google Scholar
  11. Chomsky, C. 1976. After decoding: what?Language Arts 53:288–296.Google Scholar
  12. Cronnell, B. 1971. Annotated spelling-to-sound correspondence rules. Southwest Regional Laboratory for Educational Research and Development, Technical Report 32.Google Scholar
  13. Downing, J. 1970. Children’s concepts of language in learning to read.Educational Res. 12:106–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Durkin, D. 1966.Children Who Read Early. New York: Teachers College Press.Google Scholar
  15. Elliott, L. L., and Katz, D. R. 1980. Children’s pure-tone detection.J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 67:343–344.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Goodman, K. S. 1967. Reading: A psycholinguistic guessing game.J. of the Reading Specialist 6:126–135.Google Scholar
  17. Goodman, K. S., and Goodman, Y. M. Learning to read is natural. In L. B. Resnick and P. A. Weaver (eds.).Theory and Practice of Early Reading, Vol. 1. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  18. Gough, P. B. 1972. One second of reading.In J. F. Kavangh and I. G. Mattingly (eds.).Language by Ear and by Eye: The Relationship Between Speech and Reading. Cambridge, Massachusetts: M.I.T. Press.Google Scholar
  19. Gough, P. B., Alford, J. A., Jr., and Holley-Wilcox, P. 1979. Words and contexts. In M. L. Kamil and A. J. Moe (eds.).Reading Research: Studies and Applications. Twenty-Eighth Yearbook of the National Reading Conference. Clemson, South Carolina: National Reading Conference.Google Scholar
  20. Gough, P. B., and Cosky, M. J. 1977. One second of reading again.In N. J. Castellan, Jr., D. B. Pisoni, and G. R. Potts (eds.).Cognitive Theory, Vol. 2. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  21. Greeno, J. G., James, C. T., DaPolito, F., and Polson, P. G. 1978.Associative Learning: A Cognitive Analysis. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  22. Hunnicutt, S. Undated. Phonological rules for a text-to-speech system. Unpublished manuscript. Natural Language Processing Group, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.Google Scholar
  23. Kahn, D. 1967.The Codebreakers. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  24. Liberman, I. Y. 1973. Segmentation of the spoken word and reading acquisition.Bulletin of the Orton Society 23:65–77.Google Scholar
  25. Mandler, J. M. In press. Categorical and schematic organization.In C. R. Puff (ed.).Memory, Organization and Structure. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  26. Oldfield, R. C. 1963. Individual vocabulary and semantic currency.Brit. J. of Soc. and Clin. Psychol. 2:122–130.Google Scholar
  27. Otto, H., and Pizillo, C. 1970. Effect of intralist similarity on kindergarten pupils’ rate of word acquisition and transfer.Journal of Reading Behavior 3: 14–19.Google Scholar
  28. Read, C. 1971. Pre-school children’s knowledge of English phonology.Harvard Educ. Rev. 41:1–34.Google Scholar
  29. Reid, J. F. 1966. Learning to think about reading.Educ. Res. 9:56–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Rozin, P., Poritsky, S., and Sotsky, R. 1971. American children with reading problems can easily learn to read English represented by Chinese characters.Science 171:1264–1267.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Russell, W. and Goldsbury, S. 1845.Introduction to the American Common-School Reader and Speaker. Boston: Charles Pappan.Google Scholar
  32. Savin, H. B. 1972. What the child knows about speech when he starts to learn to read.In J. F. Kavanagh and I. G. Mattingly (eds.).Language by Ear and by Eye: The Relationship Between Speech and Reading. Cambridge, Massachusetts: M.I.T. Press.Google Scholar
  33. Shankweiler, D., and Liberman, I. Y. 1972. Misreading: A search for causes.In J. G. Kavanagh and I. G. Mattingly (eds.).Language by Ear and by Eye: The Relationship Between Speech and Reading. Cambridge, Massachusetts: M.I.T. Press.Google Scholar
  34. Smith, F. 1971.Understanding Reading: A Psycholinguistic Analysis of Reading and Learning to Read. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.Google Scholar
  35. Smith, F. 1976. Learning to read by reading.Language Arts 53:297–299.Google Scholar
  36. Staats, A. K., and Staats, C. K. 1963.Complex Human Behavior. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Tanner, J. M. 1978.Foetus into Man: Physical Growth from Conception to Maturity. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  38. Templin, M. C. 1953. Norms on a screening test of articulation for ages three through eight.J. of Sp. and Hear. Dis. 18:323–331.Google Scholar
  39. Theios, J. and Muse, J. G. 1977. The word identification process in reading.In N. J. Castellan, Jr., D. B. Pisoni, and G. R. Potts (eds.)Cognitive Theory, Vol. 2. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  40. Tinker, M. A. 1965.Bases for Effective Reading. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  41. Venezky, R. L. 1967. English orthography: Its graphical structure and its relation to sound.Reading Res. Qtly. 2:75–106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Orton Society, Inc 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philip B. Gough
    • 1
  • Michael L. Hillinger
    • 1
  1. 1.University of TexasAustinUSA

Personalised recommendations