Metallurgical Transactions A

, Volume 20, Issue 10, pp 2057–2067 | Cite as

The effects of heat treatment on the chromium depletion, precipitate evolution, and corrosion resistance of INCONEL alloy 690

  • J. J. Kai
  • G. P. Yu
  • C. H. Tsai
  • M. N. Liu
  • S. C. Yao


A series of heat treatments were performed to study the sensitization and the stress corrosion cracking (SCC) behavior of INCONEL Alloy 690. The microstructural evaluation and the chromium depletion near grain boundaries were carefully studied using analytical electron microscopy (AEM). The measured chromium depletion profiles were matched well to the calculated results from a thermodynamic/kinetic model. The constant extension rate test (CERT) was performed in the solution containing 0.001 M sodium thiosulfate (Na2S2O3) to study the SCC resistance of this alloy. The Huey test was also performed in a boiling 65 pct HNO3 solution for 48 hours to study the intergranular attack (IGA) resistance of this alloy. Both tests showed that INCONEL 690 has very good corrosion resistance. It is believed that the superior IGA and SCC resistances of this alloy are due to the high chromium concentration (≈30 wt pct). It is concluded in this study that INCONEL 690 may be a better alloy than INCONEL 600 for use as the steam generator (S/G) tubing material for pressurized water reactors (PWR's)


Stress Corrosion Crack Steam Generator Chromium Concentration Inductively Couple Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy Chromium Depletion 
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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. J. Kai
    • 1
  • G. P. Yu
    • 1
  • C. H. Tsai
    • 1
  • M. N. Liu
    • 1
  • S. C. Yao
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Nuclear EngineeringNational Tsing Hua UniversityHsmchuTawan. Republic of China

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