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Effect of processing parameters on the earing and mechanical properties of strip cast type 3004 Al alloy

  • O. S. Es-Said
  • A. Zeihen
  • M. Ruprich
  • J. Quattrocchi
  • M. Thomas
  • K. H.Shin
  • M. O’Brien
  • D. Johansen
  • W. H. Tijoe
  • D. Ruhl
Materials Processing

Abstract

Electrical resistivity, superficial hardness, tensile testing, and quantitative metallography techniques were used in this study. The strip cast type 3004 aluminum alloy received sixteen different thermomechanical treatments before cups were drawn. The top edges of the drawn cups were not flat. Rather there were high points or ears with valleys between them. The homogenization temperature varied form 510 to 621 °C at 24 h. Some samples received an additional 426 °C/24 h homogenization anneal. Most specimens were rolled along the longitudinal direction of the as-cast material, and some were rolled in the transverse direction. Most samples were recrystallized at 454 °C for 24 h in addition to the homogenization treatment. Some were recrystallized for 168 h. All samples were subsequently rolled to 0.33 mm for cup drawing and percent earing determination. The percent earing results of some samples were less than 1.5%, but the mechanical strength was also lowered. The high-temperature recrystallization anneal of 454 °C was the controlling factor in determining the earing and mechanical strength of the final rolled sheet.

Keywords

beverage can stock aluminum 3004 mechanical anisotropy (earing) precipitation recrystallization 

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Copyright information

© ASM International 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. S. Es-Said
    • 1
  • A. Zeihen
    • 1
  • M. Ruprich
    • 1
  • J. Quattrocchi
    • 1
  • M. Thomas
    • 1
  • K. H.Shin
    • 1
  • M. O’Brien
    • 1
  • D. Johansen
    • 1
  • W. H. Tijoe
    • 1
  • D. Ruhl
    • 1
  1. 1.Mechanical Engineering DepartmentLoyola Marymount UniversityLosAngeles

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