Metallurgical Transactions A

, Volume 24, Issue 11, pp 2393–2409 | Cite as

Thermodynamic analysis and

  • Caian Qiu
Alloy Phases


In the present work, the thermodynamic properties of the Fe-Cr-Mn-N system have been studied using models for Gibbs energy of its various phases after combining recent descriptions of the Fe-Cr-Mn, Fe-Cr-N, Fe-Mn-N, and Cr-Mn-N systems. Close attention is paid to the solubility of N in the Fe-Cr-Mn liquid, face-centered cubic (fcc), and body-centered cubic (bcc) phases and precipitation of the hexagonal close-packed (hcp) nitride(i.e., Cr2N) from fee at various conditions. In addition, the properties of the Fe-Cr-Mn hcp phase referred to as martensite were assessed by comparing the calculatedT o temperature between fcc and hcp with experimental martensitic transformation temperaturesA s andM s. A consistent description of the Fe-Cr- Mn-N system has been obtained, and a number of solubility curves and sections of the Fe-Cr- Mn-N phase diagram calculated using this description are presented, which can provide an important basis for the materials and technology design. From comparisons with experiments, it has been shown that the solubility of N in the Fe-Cr-Mn liquid and fcc phases is well described by the present calculation, including the dependences of the solubility on temperature and pres- sure. The effects of N on the precipitation of the hep nitride, on the fcc phase region, and on the formation of the σ phase are also described very well. Finally, it is pointed that there is need for experiments to examine the effect of Mn on the N solubility in the Fe-Cr δ-ferrite.


Metallurgical Transaction Sigma Phase Calculated Solubility Molar Gibbs Energy Scientific Group Thermodata Europe 
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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, and ASM International 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Caian Qiu
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Solid State Chemistry and Materials ScienceEindhoven University of TechnologyMB EindhovenHolland

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