Metallurgical Transactions A

, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 43–50 | Cite as

The diffusion and solubility of oxygen in solid nickel

  • Jong-Wan Park
  • Carl J. Altstetter
Transport Phenomena

Abstract

Solid-state electrochemical measurements using various experimental procedures were made with the double cell:
$$ Ni + NiO|ZrO_2 + Y_2 O_3 |Ni + \underline O |ZrO_2 + Y_2 O_3 |Ni + NiO $$
to determine the diffusivity and thermodynamic functions of oxygen dissolved in solid nickel. Non-steady state diffusion of oxygen in the specimen was caused by applying a preselected potential between the reference and specimen electrodes and was monitored by measuring time-dependent potentials and/or currents. The following results were obtained for the diffusivity of oxygen and the solubility of oxygen in nickel in equilibrium with NiO:
$$D{\text{ = 4}}{\text{.9 }} \times {\text{ 10}}^{{\text{ - 2}}} {\text{ exp}}\left( {{\text{ - }}\frac{{{\text{164 kJ/mole}}}}{{{\text{R}}T}}} \right){\text{cm}}^{\text{2}} /{\text{sec (850 to 1400 }}{}^{\text{o}}{\text{C)}}$$
$$C_{\text{O}}^s {\text{ = 8}}{\text{.3 exp}}\left( { - \frac{{55{\text{kJ/mole}}}}{{{\text{R}}T}}} \right){\text{at}}{\text{. pct (800 to 1000 }}{}^{\text{o}}{\text{C)}}$$
The thermodynamic and transport behaviors of oxygen in solid nickel were fairly well described by a simple quasi-regular model and an interstitial diffusion model, respectively.

Keywords

Nickel Metallurgical Transaction Oxygen Diffusion Solute Atom Internal Oxidation 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    L. J. Bonis and N. J. Grant:Trans. AIME, 1962, vol. 224, p. 308.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    R. H. Bricknell and D. A. Woodford:Metal Sci., 1984, vol. 18, p. 265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. U. Seybolt: Dissertation, Yale University, New Haven, CT, 1936.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    C. B. Alcock and P. B. Brown:Metal Sci. J., 1969, vol. 3, p. 116.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    C. J. Smithells and C. E. Ransley:Proc. Roy. Soc., 1936, vol. A155, p. 195.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    R. Barlow and P. J. Grundy:Mat. Sci., 1969, vol. 4, p. 797.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    S. Goto, K. Nomaki, and S. Koda:J. Japan Inst. Met., 1967, vol. 31, p. 600.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    F. Stott, G. Wood, D. Whittle, B. Bastow, Y. Shida, and A. Martinez-Villafane:Sol. St. Ionics, 1984, vol. 12, p. 365.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    G. J. Lloyd and J. W. Martin:Metal Sci. J., 1972, vol. 6, p. 7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    G. J. Lloyd and J. W. Martin:Metal Sci. J., 1973, vol. 7, p. 75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. R. Louthan and A. H. Dexter:Metal Sci. J., 1973, vol. 7, p. 76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    S. P. Zholobov and M. D. Malev:Zh. Tekh. Fiz., 1971, vol. 41, p. 677.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    W. J. Nickerson: Ph.D. Thesis, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, 1973.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    R. A. Kerr: M. S. Thesis, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 1972.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    T. A. Ramanarayanan and R. A. Rapp:Metall. Trans., 1972, vol. 3, p. 3239.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    R. Kirchheim and M. Henning:Vak. Techn., 1979, vol. 28, p. 100.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    R. Kirchheim, E. Albert, and E. Fromm:Scripta Met., 1977, vol. 11, p. 651.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    S. Otsuka and Z. Kozuka:Metall. Trans. B, 1975, vol. 6B, p. 398.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    S. Otsuka and Z. Kozuka:Metall. Trans. B, 1976, vol. 7B, p. 147.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    R. L. Pastorek and R. A. Rapp:Trans. AIME, 1969, vol. 245, p. 1711.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    T. H. Etsell and S. N. Flengas:J. Electrochem. Soc, 1972, vol. 119, p. 1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    A. Mah and L. Pankratz: “Thermodynamic Properties of Nickel and its Inorganic Compounds,” Bur. Mines Bull. No. 668, 1976.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    K. Kiukkola and C. Wagner:J. Electrochem. Soc., 1957, vol. 104, p. 379.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Selected Values of the Thermodynamic Properties of the Elements, R. Hultgrenet al., eds., ASM, Metals Park, OH, 1973.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Smithells Metals Reference Book, 6th ed., E.A. Brandes, ed., Butterworths, London, 1983.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Physics Data: Gases and Carbon in Metals, G. Hörzet al., eds., 1983, vol. 5, no. 18.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    A. Messner, R. Benson, and J. E. Dorn:Trans. ASM, 1961, vol. 53, p. 227.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    C. Wert and C. Zener:Phys. Rev., 1949, vol. 76, p. 1169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    D. N. Beshers: ASM Seminar on Diffusion, 1972, p. 209.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    W. Köster:Z. Metallk., 1948, vol. 39, p. 1.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    C. Wicks and F. Block: U.S. Bureau of Mines Bull. No. 605, 1963.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    R. B. McLellan:Trans. AIME, 1964, vol. 230, p. 1468.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    J-W. Park and C. J. Altstetter:Scripta Met., 1985, vol. 19, p. 1481.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    J. H. Hildebrand:J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1929, vol. 51, p. 66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Metallurgical of Society of AIME 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jong-Wan Park
    • 1
  • Carl J. Altstetter
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials ScienceUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUrbana

Personalised recommendations