Metallurgical Transactions A

, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 43–50 | Cite as

The diffusion and solubility of oxygen in solid nickel

  • Jong-Wan Park
  • Carl J. Altstetter
Transport Phenomena


Solid-state electrochemical measurements using various experimental procedures were made with the double cell:
$$ Ni + NiO|ZrO_2 + Y_2 O_3 |Ni + \underline O |ZrO_2 + Y_2 O_3 |Ni + NiO $$
to determine the diffusivity and thermodynamic functions of oxygen dissolved in solid nickel. Non-steady state diffusion of oxygen in the specimen was caused by applying a preselected potential between the reference and specimen electrodes and was monitored by measuring time-dependent potentials and/or currents. The following results were obtained for the diffusivity of oxygen and the solubility of oxygen in nickel in equilibrium with NiO:
$$D{\text{ = 4}}{\text{.9 }} \times {\text{ 10}}^{{\text{ - 2}}} {\text{ exp}}\left( {{\text{ - }}\frac{{{\text{164 kJ/mole}}}}{{{\text{R}}T}}} \right){\text{cm}}^{\text{2}} /{\text{sec (850 to 1400 }}{}^{\text{o}}{\text{C)}}$$
$$C_{\text{O}}^s {\text{ = 8}}{\text{.3 exp}}\left( { - \frac{{55{\text{kJ/mole}}}}{{{\text{R}}T}}} \right){\text{at}}{\text{. pct (800 to 1000 }}{}^{\text{o}}{\text{C)}}$$
The thermodynamic and transport behaviors of oxygen in solid nickel were fairly well described by a simple quasi-regular model and an interstitial diffusion model, respectively.


Nickel Metallurgical Transaction Oxygen Diffusion Solute Atom Internal Oxidation 
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Copyright information

© The Metallurgical of Society of AIME 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jong-Wan Park
    • 1
  • Carl J. Altstetter
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials ScienceUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUrbana

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