Metallurgical Transactions

, Volume 3, Issue 5, pp 1255–1262

strengthening and fracture in fatigue (approaches for achieving high fatigue strength)

  • J. C. Grosskreutz
Mechanical Behavior

Abstract

Three approaches to the problem of fatigue-resistant materials are reviewed and discussed. The macroparametric approach, which utilizes semiempirical equations to predict the effects of fracture stress, fracture ductility, and the cyclic strain-hardening exponent on fatigue, is useful for screening and selecting fatigue-resistant materials. The microstructural approach, which relates microstructure to the various stages of fatigue, is useful for designing new alloys and thermomechanical treatments to achieve fatigue resistance. The third approach utilizes fundamental deformation characteristics of materials to form a unifying rationale with which to describe fatigue behavior. Such concepts as slip-mode, stacking fault energy, and slip homogenization are discussed. Examples from the literature are cited to illustrate the degree of success which has been achieved with each approach. Some of the more promising future directions for developing fatigue resistance are also discussed.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    J. Morrow:Amer. Soc. Test. Mater., Spec. Tech. Publ. 378, 1965, p. 45.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    C. E. Feltner and P. Beardmore:Amer. Soc. Test. Mater., Spec. Tech. Publ. 467, 1970, p. 77.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. W. Landgraf:A mer. Soc. Test. Mater, Spec. Tech. Publ. 467, 1970, p. 3.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    S. S. Manson:Exp. Mech., 1965, vol. 5, p. 193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    0. H. Basquin:Proc. ASTM, 1910, vol. 10, p. 625.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    S. S. Manson:NACA Tech Notes, 1954, p. 2933.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    L. F. Coffin:Trans. ASME, 1954, vol. 76, p. 931.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    For a summary see J. C. Grosskreutz:Proc. of the Air Force Conf. on Fatigue and Fracture of Aircraft Structures and Materials, AFFDL TR-70-144 (Air Force Flight Dynamics Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio) p. 47.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    B. Tomkins:Phil. Mag., 1968, vol. 18, p. 1041.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. M. Klafft:Amer. Soc. Test. Mater., Spec. Tech. Publ. 415, 1967, p. 483.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. F. Throop and G. A. Miller:Amer. Soc. Test. Mater., Spec. Tech. Publ. 467, 1970, p. 154.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    R. P. Wei, P. M. Talda, and Che-Yu Li:Amer. Soc. Test. Mater, Spec. Tech. Publ. 467, 1970, p. 460.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    C. E. Feltner and R. W. Landgraf:Selecting Materials to Resist Low-Cycle Fatigue, Trans. ASME, Journal of Basic Engrg, 1971, vol. 93, p. 444.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    C.E. Feltner and C. Laird:ActaMet., 1967, vol. 15, p. 1621.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    D. V. Nelson, R. E. Ricklefs, and W. P. Evans:Amer. Soc. Test. Mater, Spec. Tech. Publ. 467, 1970, p. 228.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    D. K. Benson:Amer. Soc. Test. Mater., Spec. Tech. Publ. 467, 1970, p. 228.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    J. C. Grosskreutz:The Effect of Surface Films on Fatigue Crack Initiation, paper to be published in theProceedings of the Corrosion Fatigue Conference (NACEj, Storrs, Connecticut, June 1971.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    D. H. Avery and W. A. Backofen:Fracture of Solids, p. 339, John Wiley, New York, 1963.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    W. E. Duckworth:Metallurgia, 1964, vol. 9, p. 63.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    J. C. Grosskreutz, G. G. Shaw, and D. K. Benson:The Effect of Inclusion Size and Distribution on Fatigue of 2024-T4 Aluminum, AFML-TR-69-121, Air Force Materials Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, 1969.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    C. M. Lyne and A. Kasak:Trans. ASM, 1968, vol. 61, p. 10.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    J. Lankford and F. N. Kusenberger: Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, Texas, unpublished research, 1971.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    P. G. Forrest and A. E. Täte:J. Inst. Metals, 1964–65, vol. 93, p. 438.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    C. Laird:Amer. Soc. Test. Mater, Spec. Tech. Publ. 415, 1967, p. 131.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    D. Broek:Fracture 1969, p. 754, Chapman and Hall, Ltd., London, 1969.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    B. Tomkins:Phil. Mag., 1971, vol. 23, p. 687.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    D. Broek: Doctoral Thesis, Technical University, Delft, Netherlands, 1971.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    R. M. Pelloux: inUltraflne-Grain Materials, p. 231, Syracuse Univ. Press, Syracuse, New York, 1970.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    D. K. Benson, J. C. Grosskreutz, and G. G. Shaw:Mechanisms of Fatigue in Ti-6Al-4Vat Room Temperature and 600°F, Met. Trans., 1972 (in press).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    J. J.Lucas and P.P. Konieczny:Afef. Trans., 1971, vol. 2, p. 911.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    M. Ronay:Proc. of the A ir Force Conf on Fatigue and Fracture of A ircraft Structures and Materials, p. 99, AFFDL-TR-70-144, Air Force Flight Dynamics Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, 1970.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    A. J. McEvily, Jr. and R. C. Boettner:Acta Met, 1963, vol. 11, p. 725.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    G. A. Miller, D. H. Avery, and W. A. Backofen:Trans. TMS-AIME, 1966, vol. 236, p. 1967.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    A. J. McEvily, Jr. and T. L. Johnston:Int. J. Fract. Mech., 1967, vol. 3, p. 45.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    F. G. Ostermann and W. H. Reimann:Amer. Soc. Test. Mater, Spec. Tech. Publ. 467, 1970, p. 169.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    F. G. Ostermann:Met. Trans., 1971, vol. 2, p. 2897.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    C. Laird and G. Thomas:Int. J. Fracture Mech., 1967, vol. 3, p. 81.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    A. R. Krause and C. Laird:Mater. Sci. Eng., 1967-68, vol. 2, p. 331.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    A. J. McEvily, Jr., J. B. Clark, E. C. Utley, and W. H. Herrnstein, III:Trans. TMS-AIME, 1963, vol. 227, p. 1093.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    D. J. Duquette, M. Gell, and J. W. Piteo:Met. Trans., 1970, vol. 1, p. 3107.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    G. Langford and M. Cohen:Trans. ASM, 1969, vol. 62, p. 623.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Metallurgical of Society of AIME 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. C. Grosskreutz
    • 1
  1. 1.Mechanical Properties SectionNational Bureau of StandardsWashington, D. C.

Personalised recommendations