Metallurgical Transactions A

, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 125–134 | Cite as

Effect of carbon content on the plastic flow of plain carbon steels at elevated temperatures

  • P. J. Wray
Mechanical Behavior


The elevated-temperature plastic-flow behavior of plain carbon steels with a base composition of 0.8 Mn and 0.25 Si was examined as a function of carbon content in the range 0.005 to 1.54 wt pct at strain rates from 6 x 10-6 to 2 x 10-2 sec-1. Beyond 0.05 C the flow stress at a strain of 0.1 decreased with increasing carbon content at the rate of 13 MPa per pct carbon. However, the degree of softening depended on the strain level at which the flow stress was measured, because the increasing carbon content also decreased the rate of work hardening. The inferred increase in recovery processes with increasing carbon content is in agreement with the effects of carbon on diffusivity, elastic modulus, and lattice spacing, as well as the observed increase in grain growth with increasing carbon content. In the range 850 to 1300 °C (1562 to 2372 °F), the temperature dependence of the flow stress can be represented by σ= A exp (-BT) whereA depends on carbon content and strain, andB depends primarily on strain rate. Extrapolation to higher temperatures yields the carbon-content dependence of the flow stress at the austenite solidus.


Austenite Metallurgical Transaction Carbon Content Flow Stress Dynamic Recrystallization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    P. Feltham:Proc. Roy. Soc, 1953, vol. 66, pp. 865–83.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. Palmaers:C. R. M. Metallurgical Reports, November 1978, no. 53, pp. 23-31.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    P. J. Wray and M. F. Holmes:Metall. Trans. A, 1975, vol. 6A, pp. 1189–96.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    P. J. Wray:Metall. Trans. A, 1975, vol. 6A, pp. 1197–1203.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    P. J. Wray:Metall. Trans. A, 1976, vol. 7A, pp. 1621–27.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    P. J. Wray:Metall. Trans. A, 1975, vol. 6A, pp. 1379–91.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    C. J. Actams:Proc. Nat. Open Hearth Basic Oxygen Steel Conf., 1971, vol. 54, pp. 290–302.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    F. Weinberg:Metall. Trans. B, 1979, vol. 1OB, pp. 219–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    E. Voce:J. Inst. Metals, 1948, vol. 74, pp. 537–62.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. H. Palm:App. Sci. Res., 1948, vol. Al, pp. 198–214.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Y. A. Pines and A. F. Sirenko:Sov. Phys-Solid State, 1962, vol. 6, pp. 1939–99.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    F. Weinberg:Metall. Trans. A, 1979, vol. 10A, pp. 513–22.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    O. D. Sherby:Acta Met., 1962, vol. 10, pp. 135–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    H. W. Mead and C. E. Birchenall:Trans. AIME, 1956, vol. 206, pp. 1336–39.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    N. Ridley and H. Stuart:Met. Sci. J, 1970, vol. 4, pp. 218–22.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    W. J. Arnoult and R. B. McLellan:Acta Met., 1975, vol. 23, pp. 51–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© American Society for Metals and the Metallurgical Society of AIME 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. J. Wray
    • 1
  1. 1.Basic Research Di-vision, Mechanical Sciences SectionResearch Laboratory, U.S. Steel CorporationMonroeville

Personalised recommendations