Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B

, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp 391–400 | Cite as

Martensitic transformations induced by plastic deformation in the Fe-Ni-Cr-C system

  • F. Lecroisey
  • A. Pineau


Martensitic transformations induced by plastic deformation are studied comparatively in various alloys of three types: Fe-30 pct Ni, Fe-20 pct Ni-7 pct Cr, and Fe-16 pet Cr-13 pct Ni, with carbon content up to 0.3 pct. For all these alloys the tensile properties vary rapidly with temperature, but there are large differences in the value of the temperature rangeMs toMd, which strongly increases with substitution of chromium for nickel or with carbon addition. Using the node method, it is found that the intrinsic stacking fault energy in the austenite drastically increases with temperature in all the chromium-bearing alloys investigated. This variation is consistent with the observed influence of temperature on the appearance of twinning or ε martensite during plastic deformation. Very different α’ martensite morphologies can result from spontaneous and plastic deformation induced transformations, especially in Fe-20 pct Ni-7 pct Cr-type alloys where platelike and lath martensites are respectively observed. As in the case of ε martensite, the nucleation process is analyzed as a deformation mode of the material, using a dislocation model. It is then possible to account for the morphology of plastic deformation induced α’ martensite in both Fe-20 pct Ni-7 pct Cr and Fe-16 pct Cr-13 pct Ni types alloys and for the largeMs toMd range in these alloys.


Austenite Martensite Metallurgical Transaction Martensitic Transformation Stack Fault Energy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    E. Scheil:Z. Anorg. Allgem. Chem, 1932, vol. 207, p. 21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. W. McReynolds:J. Appl. Phys., 1949, vol. 20, p. 896.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    D. J. McAdam, G. W. Geil and F. J. Cromwell:Trans. ASM, 1949, vol. 41, p. 609.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. F. Breedis and W. D. Robertson:Acta Met., 1963, vol. 11, p. 547.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    R. Lagneborg:Acta Met., 1964, vol. 12, p. 823.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    K. E. Easterling and P. R. Swann:Inst. Metals Monogr., no. 33, p. 152, The Institute of Metals, London, 1969.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    R. P. Reed and J. F. Breedis:Amer. Soc. Test. Mater. Spec. Tech. Publ, no. 387, p. 60, American Society for Testing Materials, 1966.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. P. Bressanelli and A. Moskowitz:ASM Trans. Quart, 1966, vol. 59, p. 223.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    V. F. Zackay, E. R. Parker, D. Fahr and R. Busch:ASM Trans. Quart, 1967, vol. 60, p. 252.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    F. Tamura, T. Maki, H. Hato and K. Aburai:J. Jap. Inst. Metals, 1969, vol. 33, p. 1376.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    F. Abrassart, F. Lecroisey and A. Pineau:Mem. Sci. Rev. Met., 1969, vol. 66 p. 805.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. F. Breedis:Trans. TMS-AIME, 1964, vol. 230, p. 1583.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    F. Abrassart, F. Lecroisey and A. Pineau:Proc. of the 2nd Int. Conf. on the Strength of Metals and Alloys, p. 905, The American Society for Metals, 1970.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    M. J. Whelan:Proc. Roy. Soc, 1958, Ser. A., vol. 249, p. 114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    L. M. Brown:Phil. Mag, 1964, vol. 10, p. 441.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    P.C. J. Gallagher:Phys. Status Solidi, 1966, vol. 16, p. 95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    A. W. Ruff, Jr.:Met. Trans., 1970, vol. 1, p. 2391.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    F. Lecroisey: Thesis, University of Nancy, 1971.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    T. Angel:J. Iron Steel Inst, 1954, vol. 177, p. 165.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    D. C. Ludwigson and J. A. Berger:J. Iron Steel Inst, 1969, vol. 207, p. 63.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    S. Dash and N. Brown:Acta Met, 1966, vol. 14,p. 595.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    W. C. Leslie and R. L. Miller:Trans. TMS-AIME, 1964, vol. 57, p. 972.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    R. N. Caron and C. Krauss:Met. Trans., 1970, vol. 1, p. 333.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    P. C. J. Gallagher:Met. Trans., 1970, vol. 1, p. 2429.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    F. Lecroisey and B. Thomas:Phys. Status Solidi (a), 1970, vol. 2, p. K217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    R. M. Latanisionand A. W. Ruff, Jr.:Met. Trans., 1971, vol. 2, p. 505.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    T. Ericsson:Acta Met, 1966, vol. 14, p. 853.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    R. L. Hultgren, R. L. Orr, P. D. Anderson, and K. K. Kelley:Selected Values of Thermodynamic Properties of Metals and Alloys, p. 77, John Wiley, New York, 1963.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    R. Adams and C. Alstetter:Trans. TMS-AIME, 1968, vol. 242, p. 139.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    J. A. Venables:J. Phys. Chem. Solids, 1964, vol. 25, p. 693.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    B. Thomas:Met. Corr. Ind., 1969, vol. 531, p. 363, vol. 532, p. 405.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    J. B. Cohen and J. Weertman:Acta Met, 1963, vol. 11, p. 996.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    J. W. Christian:Physics of Strength and Plasticity, p. 85, M.l.T. Press, Cambridge, 1969.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    C. L. Magee:Phase Transformations, p. 115, American Society for Metals, Metals Park, 1970.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    J. R. Patel and M. Cohen:Acta Met, 1953, vol. 1, p. 531.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    A. J. Bogers and W. G. Burgers:ActaMet, 1964, vol. 12, p. 255.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    W. G. Burgers and J. A. Klostermann:Acta Met., 1965, vol. 13, p. 568.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    K. Shimizu, M. Oka,and C. M. Wayman:Acta Met., 1970, vol. 18,p. 1005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    A. W. Sleeswyk and C. A. Verbraak:Acta Met, 1961, vol. 9, p. 917.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    S. Mahajan, D. E. Barry, and B. L. Eyre:Phil. Mag., 1970, vol. 21, p. 43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    K. R. Satyanarayan and A. P. Miodownik:Inst. Metals Monogr., no. 33, p. 162, The Institute of Metals, London, 1969.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    J. F. Breedis and L. Kaufman:Met. Trans., 1971, vol. 2, p. 2359.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Metallurgical of Society of AIME 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Lecroisey
    • 1
  • A. Pineau
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre des Matériaux de L’Ecole des Mines de Paris91-CorbeilFrance

Personalised recommendations