Accountability in a computerized society
- Cite this article as:
- Nissenbaum, H. Sci Eng Ethics (1996) 2: 25. doi:10.1007/BF02639315
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This essay warns of eroding accountability in computerized societies. It argues that assumptions about computing and features of situations in which computers are produced create barriers to accountability. Drawing on philosophical analyses of moral blame and responsibility, four barriers are identified: 1) the problem of many hands, 2) the problem of bugs, 3) blaming the computer, and 4) software ownership without liability. The paper concludes with ideas on how to reverse this trend.