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Structural bonds and the properties of clays

  • Osipov V. I. 
Article

Summary

Structural bonds in clays are determined by forces of diverse nature: chemical (valent), ion-electrostatic, molecular, capillary, electrostatic (Coulomb) and magnetic. Based on theoretical calculations, an assessment is made of the role of each type of force in forming the structural bonds at an individual contact between two particles. Proceeding from the character and the energy of contact interactions, three types of contacts between clay particles are defined: coagulation, atomic (point) and phase (developed) contacts. In conclusion the main types of clayey soils are characterized and the fundamental significance of structural bonds in evaluating the strength and deformation properties of clays is demonstrated.

Keywords

Clay Clay Particle Clayey Soil Structural Bond Hydrate Film 

Liaisons Structurales et Proprietes des Argiles

Résumé

Les liaisons structurales dans les argiles sont déterminées par des forces de diverses natures: forces chimiques (valence), ioniques-électrostatiques, moléculaires, capillaires, électrostatiques (de Coulomb) et magnétiques. A partir de calculs théoriques, on évalue le rôle des diverses forces qui forment la liaison structurale entre deux particules d’argile en contact. D’après le caractère et l’énergie des intéractions de contact, on définit trois principaux types de contacts entre particules: le contact coagulant, le contact atomique (par point) et le contact en phase (développé). En conclusion, on donne les earactères des principaux types de sols argileux et l’on démontre l’importance fondamentale des liaisons structurales pour l’évaluation des propriétés de résistance et de déformation des argiles.

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Copyright information

© International Assocaition of Engineering eology 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Osipov V. I. 
    • 1
  1. 1.Geological DepartmentMoscow State UniversityMoscowUSSR

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