Journal of the American Oil Chemists Society

, Volume 46, Issue 1, pp 23–27 | Cite as

Studies on some chemical aspects of kusum oil

  • M. K. Kundu
  • C. Bandyopadhyay


Chemical methods, chromatography and infrared spectroscopy have been applied to ascertain the location and nature of the cyanogenic compounds in kusum oil. Observations indicate the cyanogenic compounds to be a part of glyceride molecules in which one of the hydroxyl groups of the latter is bonded to the cyanogenic compound through an ether linkage. Chromatographic behavior of the isolated cyanogenic compounds further indicates that at least two glyceride molecules are involved. These glycerides are predominantly esterified with saturated fatty acids.


Kieselguhr Liquid Paraffin Ferric Chloride Solution Cyanogenic Glucoside Hydriodic Acid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Koley, S. N., M. K. Kundu and A. N. Saha, Indian Oil Soap J.30, 321 (1965).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Dhingra, D. R., T. P. Hilditch and J. R. Vickery, J. Soc. Chem. Ind.48, 281T (1929).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Patel, S. M., Thesis, University of Bombay, 1930.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Weerakoon, A. H., Thesis, University of Liverpool, 1952.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Poleck, G., Pharma Centre32, 396 (1891).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Eckey, E. W., “Vegetable Fats and Oils” Reinhold Publishing Corp. New York, 1954, pp. 627–628.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sengupta, N. N., J. Soc. Chem. Ind.39, 88T (1920).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lewkowitsch, J., “Chemical Technology and Analysis of Oils, Fats and Waxes” Vol. 2, Macmillan & Co. Ltd., London, 1914, p. 553.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Datta, R. L., T. Basu and P. K. Ghosh, Indian Soap J.16, 71–73 (1950).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Fisher, H. J., A. H. Robertson and H. Reynolds, “Official Methods, of Analysis of the Association of Official Agricultural Chemists” W. Horwitz, ed., 8th ed., Association of Official Agricultural Chemists, Washington, D.C., 1955, p. 380.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Winkler, W. O., J. Assoc. Offic. Agr. Chemists34, 541–548 (1951).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    De Laval Separator Company, India 49006 (1953).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Williams, K. A., “Oils, Fats and Fatty Foods,” 3rd ed. J. A. Churchill Ltd., London, 1950, p. 30.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hayes, L. P., and H. Wolff, JAOCS33, 440 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Finar, I. L., “Organic Chemistry,” 3rd ed., Vol. 1, Longmans, Green and Co. Ltd., London, 1959, pp. 151,202.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Rosenthaler, L., Bern Schwar Apoth. Ztg.58, 17–20 (1960); Chem. Abstr.14, 556 (1920).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Malins, D. C. and H. K. Mangold, JAOCS37, 576–578 (1960).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Vogel, A. I., “A Text Book of Macro and Seminicro Qualitative Inorganic Analysis,” 4th ed., Longmans, Green & Co. Ltd., London W1, 1959, p. 343.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Wanger, H., Fette, Seifen, Anstrichmittel62, 1115 (1960).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Silk, M. H., and H. H. Hahn, Biochem J.56, 406 (1954).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Chakrabarty, M. M., D. Bhattacharyya and B. Mondal, Indian J. Technol.1, 473–474 (1963).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Barrett, C. B., M. S. J. Dallas and F. B. Padley, JAOCS40, 580 (1963).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Van Handel, E., and D. B. Zilversmit, J. Lab. Clin. Med.50, 152 (1957).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Bolliger, H. R., M. Brenner, H. Ganshirt, H. K. Mangold, H. Seiler, E. Stahl and D. Waldi, “Thin Layer Chromatography: A Laboratory Handbook,” E. Stahl, ed., Academic Press Inc., New York, 1965, p. 357.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Kaufmann, H. P., Z. Makus and T. H. Khoe, Fette, Seifen, Anstrichmittel63, 689 (1961).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Kaufmann, H. P., Z. Makus and T. H. Khoe, Ibid.64, 1–5 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Bellamy, L. J., “The Infrared Spectra of Complex Molecules,” 2nd ed., Methuen and Co. Ltd, London, 1958, p. 266.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© American Oil Chemists’ Society 1965

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. K. Kundu
    • 1
  • C. Bandyopadhyay
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Applied ChemistryCalcutta UniversityCalcuttaIndia

Personalised recommendations