Specific stimulation of basal lamina heparan sulfate proteoglycan in mouse uterine epithelium by matrigel and by transforming growth factor-β1
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The basal lamina of differentiated epithelium normally turns over only slowly unless stimulated by tissue repair and growth. We show here that one mechanism of this stimulation, as modeled by basal lamina proteoglycan synthesis, may be the release of basal lamina-bound transforming growth factor (TGF-β). A large heparan sulfate proteoglycan (HSPG, 0.2K av on Sepharose CL-4B) that was extractable from mouse uterine epithelium with 4M guanidine-HCl or 1M KCl was recognized by a specific monoclonal antibody to the basal lamina HSPG, perlecan. This HSPG was metabolically inactive with respect to [35S]-sulfate labeling in pieces of whole uterus during 4 h of culture, but it was labeled in isolated cells under the same conditions, provided that the cells had been cultured at least 6 to 12 h before labeling. The rate of labeling was then constant during at least 4 days in culture in serum-containing medium. Cultures on Matrigel showed an enhanced [35S]-sulfate labeling specifically in the 0.2K av HSPG fraction. Partial stimulation was obtained with a serum-free medium extract of Matrigel, which fractionated on Sephadex G-50 in two components; a major one >30 kDa and the other at about 15 to 25 kDa. The specific stimulation was mimicked by the addition of 10 ng/ml of TGF-β1, but there was no specific stimulation by basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), epidermal growth factor (EGF), insulinlike growth factor-1 (IGF-1), or interleukin-1 (IL-1). TGF-β1 was identified as a 12.5 kDa monomer in thiol-reduced Matrigel and Matrigel extracts by polyclonal blocking antibodies on transblots following sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Failure of excess amounts of these antibodies to block Matrigel-stimulated basal lamina HSPG synthesis indicates that TGF-β1 may be only one component of Matrigel that is important in stimulating basal lamina HSPG synthesis in culture. We suggest that in vivo TGF-β1 is bound to macromolecular components of mouse uterine epithelial basal lamina, where it may be sequestered until microenvironmental changes make it available to promote basal lamina HSPG synthesis.
Key wordsuterine epithelial cells basal lamina heparan sulfate proteoglycan perlecan TGF-β Matrigel
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