Perifusion model system to culture bovine hypothalamic slices in series with dispersed anterior pituitary cells

  • H. A. Hassan
  • R. A. Merkel
Cellular Models


Dispersed bovine anterior pituitary cells were incubated either in static or perifusion cultures to assess basal growth hormone release as well as stimulatory and inhibitory effects of growth hormone-releasing hormone and somatostatin, respectively, on growth hormone release. Total concentrations of growth hormones over a 12-hour incubation period were fivefold greater in perifused than in static cultures (2034 ± 160 vs. 387 ± 33 ng/12 h). A dose-dependent increase in growth hormone secretion in response to challenge with growth hormone-releasing hormone (10−12 to 10−8M) for 1 h was observed in both static and perifusion cultures; however, perifused cells were more responsive to the same concentration of neuropeptide than those in static culture. Concentrations of somatostatin (10−12 to 10−8M) for 1 h did not inhibit basal growth hormone secretion in either static or perifusion cultures. To establish model, slices of the hypothalamus, immediately adjacent to the sagittal midline, were perifused in series with anterior pituitary cells, and media effluent was assayed for growth hormone concentrations. Release of growth hormone was pulsatile and seemed to mimic the episodic pattern of bovine secretion. Hypothalamic slices were placed in one chamber of the perifusion system, and basal secretion of growth hormone-releasing hormone and somatostatin was pulsatile in media effluent. Tissue viability of hypothalamic slices and anterior pituitary cells was evaluated by KCl depolarization. Tissues were viable for at least 120 h. Thus, this hypothalamo-pituitary dual chamber perifusion system is a valid in vitro model to study regulation of growth hormone secretion.

Key words

perifusion system hypothalamic slices anterior pituitary cells bovine 


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Copyright information

© Tissue Culture Association 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. A. Hassan
    • 1
  • R. A. Merkel
    • 1
  1. 1.Growth Biology Program, Department of Animal Science, and Food Science and Human NutritionMichigan State UniversityEast Lansing

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