GeoJournal

, Volume 26, Issue 3, pp 323–334 | Cite as

Access and Assimilation: Pivotal environmental information challenges

Linking, archiving, and exploiting multi-lingual and multi-scale environmental information repositories
  • Benking Heiner
  • Kampffmeyer
  • Ulrich B. 
Article

Abstract

The world-wide environmental exchange of information is hampered by difficulties bridging terminologies and languages so that trans-cultural, cross-sectoral, and multi-dimensional information can be made available in a usable form at low cost.

The alternative concepts and elements described are planned to contribute to HEMIS, UNEP-HEMs world-wide information and reference system. The potential content includes: environmentally relevant organizations, activities, systems, methods, data sources, qualities, and access methods.

The key design element is a multi-lingual thesaurus which has harmonization effect resulting from the structuring and strategic access to information. Documentation and retrieval is another concern beside the provision of tools to ease identification, dissemination, and validation of information. The maintenance of validated source data and documents will reduce the volumes of requested information and thereby counteract the present information overkill.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. ACCIS Guide to United Nations Information Sources on the Environment, United Nations, New York, 1988.Google Scholar
  2. ACCIS Directory of United Nations Databases and Information Services; Advisory Committee for the Co-ordination of Information Systems, New York, 1990.Google Scholar
  3. Ahituv, N.; Munro, M. C.; Wand, Y.: The Value of Information in Information Analysis, Information & Management 4, 143–150 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ashdown, M.; Schaller, J.: Geographic Information Systems and their Application in MAB Projects; Ecosystem Research and Environmental Monitoring, International Co-ordinating Council 11th Session, UNESCO Headquarters, Paris, November 1990.Google Scholar
  5. Benking, H.: Möglichkeiten und Grenzen der Datenpräsentation im Umweltbereich. In: Jaeschke, A.; Page, B. (eds.), Computer Sciences for Environmental Protection. Informatik Fachberichte 170, 155–168 (1988)Google Scholar
  6. Benking, H.; Lessing, H.: Large Scale Biomonitoring for Renaturation. In: GEOÖKODYNAMIK X, 2/3, 277–290 (1989)Google Scholar
  7. Benking, H.; Schmidt von Braun, H.: Geo-/Object Coding for Local-Change Assessment. GeoJournal 20, 2, 167–173 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Benking, H.: Information about Environmental Information: Introduction and Preliminary Design Considerations, Pre-Studies Discussion Paper for the 1. Expert Group Meeting, unpublished hand-out, UNEP-HEM, Febr.–July 1990.Google Scholar
  9. Benking, H.; McGlade, J.; Grossmann, W. D.; Braedt, J.; Keil, K.-H., Hantschel, R.: Integrated Monitoring and Modelling for Environmental Research and Management. In: Benking, H. (coord.), Local and Global Change Exhibition—Research and Co-ordination efforts of International Organizations, geotechnica, Cologne 1991.Google Scholar
  10. Benking, H.; Kampffmeyer, U. B.: Harmonization of Environmental Meta-Information with a Thesaurus-Based Multi-Lingual Multi-Media Information System, ISY-ESSIS proceedings, Pasadena, February 1992Google Scholar
  11. BMFT: Report of the Technology, Growth and Employment Working Group on further steps regarding “Improvement and Harmonization of Techniques and Practices of Environmental Measurements” to the Tokyo Economic Summit 1986, The Federal Minister of Research and Technology, Bonn, December 1985.Google Scholar
  12. Bozzi, A.; Capelli, G.: Automatic Lemmtization of Latin Texts. In: Best, H.; Mochmann, E.; Thaffer, M. (eds.). Computers in the Humanities and Social Sciences, pp. 373–378, K.G. Sauer, München 1991.Google Scholar
  13. Carter, G. C.; Diamondstone, B. I.: Directions for Internationally Compatible Environmental Data, Hemisphere Pub. Corp. for CODATA, New York, 1990.Google Scholar
  14. Cogels, M.: MDS Thesaurus—A multilingual Descriptor System— Prototype Description for the EEA-TF CORINE, under preparationGoogle Scholar
  15. Choros, K.: Weighted descriptor indexing of documents, Aktualne Problemy Informacji i Documentacji, 26, 22–26 (1981)Google Scholar
  16. Castri, di, F.; Hadley, M.: Enhancing the Credibility of Ecology: Interaction along and across Hierarchical Scales, GeoJournal 17, 1, 3–35 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Crain, I. K.: A Meta-Database for Harmonization of Environmental Measurements, Discussion Paper, 1. Expert Group Meeting, UNEPHEM, München 1990.Google Scholar
  18. Data Management for Global Change Research Policy Statements, Executive Office of the President, Office of Science and Technology Policy (1991)Google Scholar
  19. Directory of Global and Regional Data Sets Supporting Global Change Research: Project Summary; National Geophysical Data Centre (NOAA/NESDIS/EGC1), Boulder, April 1989.Google Scholar
  20. Environmental Information Statement, International Forum for Environmental Information for the Twenty-First Century. Montreal 1991.Google Scholar
  21. EEES Reports-Environmental Experts of the Economic Summit—Report on Current International Scientific Activities in Improvement and Harmonization of Techniques and Practices of Environmental Measurement,—Report on Priority Areas for Improvement and Harmonization...,—Report—Ensuring Continuing Progress in Improvement and Harmonization..., GSF-PFU Secretariat, Munich—Meeting, December 1986.—Final Report including summit 1987 Declaration June 1987.—Google Scholar
  22. Grossmann, W. D.: Systems approaches towards complex systems. In: Messerli, P.; Strucki, E. (eds.), Fachbeiträge der schweizerischen MAB-Informationen 19, Bundesamt für Umweltschutz, Bern, 1983.Google Scholar
  23. Grossmann, W. D.: Model- and Strategy-driven Geographical Maps for Ecological Research and Management. In: Deutsches Nationalkommitee, Long-Term Ecological Research—A Global Perspective, UNESCO-MAB Mitteilungen 31, 43–61 (1989)Google Scholar
  24. Gwynne, M. D.: Global Monitoring, Data, Management and Assessment within GEMS and GRID; GEMS/PAC, Nairobi, November 1989.Google Scholar
  25. Hansen, P.: International Action and Institutional Measures—New Approaches. Malente Symposium IX, The ECO-Nomic Revolution—Challenge and Opportunity for the 21st Century, hand-out, Dräger Foundation in Cooperation with UNCED, Malente, November 1991.Google Scholar
  26. Hulpke, H.: The Analytical Challenge: Conversion Data to Results. In: Alfred Wegener Stiftung (Herausgeber), Handbook for geotechnica Trade Fair and Congress, pp. 111–112, Verlag Rüdiger Flock, Cologne 1991.Google Scholar
  27. Jeffers, J. N. R.: An Introduction to Systems Analysis: with ecological applications. Arnold, London 1978Google Scholar
  28. Kampffmeyer, U. B.; Benking, H.: Die Gewinnung, Auswertung und Archivierung verläßlicher Umweltinformationen am Beispiel TOPOGRAMM. In: Jaeschke, A.; Page, B. (eds.), Informatik im Umweltschutz, Informatik Fachberichte 228 (1989)Google Scholar
  29. Kampffmeyer, U.: Global Information Systems: Design, Classification and Multi-lingual Thesauri Development Issues and Concepts Related to the Task of Meta-Database Development. 1. Expert Group Meeting, handout unpublished, UNEP-HEM, July 1990.Google Scholar
  30. Kampffmeyer, U., Benking, H., Keune, H., Theissen, A.: Discussion-paper for the 2. Expert-group Meeting, UNEP-HEM Meta-Database and Information System HEMIS, Chapter 3: Design of HEMIS, hand-out, unpublished, UNEP-HEM, September 1991.Google Scholar
  31. Kampffmeyer, U: Deskriptoren versus Volltext, DGD/LID Tagung Frankfurt “Strategien für Optical Filing—Anwendungen im Pressearchiv”, Frankfurt, November 1991b.Google Scholar
  32. Kampffmeyer, U. B.: Von der Datenverarbeitung zur Informationsverarbeitung, GIGATREND, Series 1/91, 2/91, 3/91, Klaes Verlag, Düsseldorf 1991dGoogle Scholar
  33. Keune, H.; Murray, A. B.; Benking, H.; Harmonization of Environmental Measurement, GeoJournal 23.3, 249–255 (1991)Google Scholar
  34. Keune, H.; Theisen, A.: Environmental Databases and Information Management Programmes of International Organizations. In: Hälker, M.; Jaeschke, A. (eds.), Computer Science for Environmental Protection, Informatik Fachberichte 546–553 (1991)Google Scholar
  35. MacNeill, J.; Winsemius P.; Yakushiji, T.: Beyond Interdependence—The Meshing of the World's Economy and the Earth's Ecology Oxford University Press, 1991.Google Scholar
  36. The State of the Environment; OECD, Paris, 1991.Google Scholar
  37. UNEP Expert Meeting on Improvement and Harmonization of Environmental Measurement, UNEP-GEMS, Munich, December 1987.Google Scholar
  38. UNEP-GEMS Report Series No. 8: Towards the Design for a Metadatabase for the Harmonization of Environmental Measurement, Report of the Expert Group Meeting, July 26–27, 1990, Nairobi, June 1991.Google Scholar
  39. UNEP-HEM Survey of Environmental Monitoring & Information Management Programmes of International Organizations, UNEP-HEM office, 2nd edition April 1991Google Scholar
  40. Wiersma, G. B.: Feasibility Study of a Global Network of Integrated Monitoring Sites; Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Idaho Falls, April 1990.Google Scholar
  41. Weizsäcker, v. E. U.: Ganzheitlicher Umweltschutz. In: Jaeschke, A.; Page, B. (eds.), Informatikanwendungen im Umweltbereich, Informatik Fachberichte 170, pp. 1–7, Springer, Heidelberg 1988.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© (March) by Kluwer Academic Publishers 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Benking Heiner
    • 1
  • Kampffmeyer
    • 1
  • Ulrich B. 
  1. 1.Project ConsultHamburg 13Germany

Personalised recommendations