A general class of estimators for estimating population mean using auxiliary information
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A general class of estimators for estimating the population mean of the character under study which make use of auxiliary information is proposed. Under simple random sampling without replacement (SRSWOR), the expressions of Bias and Mean Square Error (MSE), up to the first and the second degrees of approximation are derived. General conditions, up to the first order approximation, are also obtained under which any member of this class performs more efficiently than the mean per unit estimator, the ratio estimator and the product estimator. The class of estimators in its optimum case, under the first degree approximation, is discussed. It is shown that it is not possible to obtain optimum values of parameters “a”, “b” and “p”, that are independent of each other. However, the optimum relation among them is given by (b−a)p=ρ C y/C x. Under this condition, the expression of MSE of the class is that of the linear regression estimator.
KeywordsMean Square Error Order Approximation Simple Random Sampling Stat Assoc Ratio Estimator
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