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Environmental aspects of engineering geological mapping in the United States

  • Radbruch-Hall Dorothy H. 
IAEG Symposium “Engineering Geological Mapping for Planning, Disign and Construction in Civil Engineering”, Newcastle Upon Tyne, 3–6 September 1979 Reports by Members of the IAEG Commission on Engineering Geological Mapping

Summary

Many engineering geological maps at different scales have been prepared for various engineering and environmental purposes in regions of diverse geological conditions in the United States. They include maps of individual geological hazards and maps showing the effect of land development on the environment. An approach to assessing the environmental impact of land development that is used increasingly in the United States is the study of a single area by scientists from several disciplines, including geology. A study of this type has been made for the National Petroleum Reserve in northern Alaska. In the San Francisco Bay area, a technique has been worked out for evaluating the cost of different types of construction and land development in terms of the cost of a number of kinds of earth science factors.

Keywords

Landslide Susceptibility Landslide Inventory Land Development Oyster Reef Geothermal Fluid 

La cartographie géotechnique aux Etats-Unis; son incidence sur le milieu naturel

Résumé

De nombreuses cartes géotechniques à diverses échelles ont été préparées pour divers besoins liés à la construction ou à l'environnement, dans des régions de divers contextes géologiques aux Etats-Unis. Elle comprennent: des cartes des risques géologiques individuels et des cartes montrant l'effet de l'aménagement du territoire sur le milieu naturel. Aux Etats-Unis, on utilise de plus en plus un moyen d'évaluer l' “impact” de l'aménagement du territoire sur l'environnement: une région déterminée est étudiée simultanément par des experts de plusieurs disciplines, y compris la géologie. Une étude de ce type a été faite pour la National Petroleum Reserve, dans le nord de l'Alaska. Dans la région de la Baie de San Francisco, une technique a été élaborée pour l'évaluation du coût de differents types de construction et d'aménagements du territoire en fonction du coût d'un certain nombre de catégories de facteurs géologiques.

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Copyright information

© International Association of Engineering Geology 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Radbruch-Hall Dorothy H. 
    • 1
  1. 1.U.S. Geological SurveyMenlo ParkUSA

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